Training on the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview improves cultural competence in general psychiatry residents: A pilot study

Stacia Mills, Anna Q. Xiao, Kate Wolitzky-Taylor, Russell Lim, Francis G Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess whether a 1-hour didactic session on the DSM-5 Cultural Formulation Interview (CFI) improves the cultural competence of general psychiatry residents. The main hypothesis was that teaching adult psychiatry residents a 1-hour session on the CFI would improve cultural competence. The exploratory hypothesis was that trainees with more experience in cultural diversity would have a greater increase in cultural competency scores. Psychiatry residents at a metropolitan, county hospital completed demographics and preintervention questionnaires, were exposed to a 1-hour session on the CFI, and were given a postintervention questionnaire. The questionnaire was an adapted version of the validated Cultural Competence Assessment Tool. Paired samples t tests compared pre- to posttest change. Hierarchical linear regression assessed whether pretraining characteristics predicted posttest scores. The mean change of total pre- and posttest scores was significant (p =.002), as was the mean change in subscales Nonverbal Communications (p <.001) and Cultural Knowledge (p =.002). Demographic characteristics did not predict higher posttest scores (when covarying for pretest scores). Psychiatry residents' cultural competence scores improved irrespective of previous experience in cultural diversity. More research is needed to further explore the implications of the improved scores in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-191
Number of pages13
JournalTranscultural Psychiatry
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Keywords

  • cross-cultural psychiatry
  • cultural competence
  • Cultural Formulation Interview
  • DSM-5
  • teaching by psychiatric residents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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