Tracheal catheters in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome for the diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

W. R. Martin, Timothy E Albertson, B. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The diagnosis of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) often requires bronchoscopy. In 82 consecutive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients suspected of having PCP, we passed a 14-F catheter into the trachea under local anesthesia without intubation, instilled saline solution, and then collected the secretions by aspiration. Bronchoscopy with collection of bronchial washings and performance of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was then performed and the results were compared. The catheter results were identical with the results of BAL in 77 of 82 patients. This inexpensive technique may provide a reasonable early step in the diagnosis of PCP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-32
Number of pages4
JournalChest
Volume98
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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