Toxicosis Caused by Melamine and Cyanuric Acid in Dogs and Cats: Uncovering the Mystery and Subsequent Global Implications

Birgit Puschner, Renate Reimschuessel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several major pet-food and human-food safety incidents occurred worldwide between 2003 and 2008, causing illnesses and deaths in children, cats, dogs, and pigs. During the 2007 outbreak of renal failure in dogs and cats in the United States, veterinary diagnostic laboratories helped identify melamine and melamine analogues as contaminants in implicated food. In 2008, thousands of infants developed renal failure from exposure to melamine alone. Management of these outbreaks depends on the collaboration of veterinary and human laboratories and clinics, government agencies, academic institutions, and food industries, along with prompt communication and sharing of data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-199
Number of pages19
JournalClinics in Laboratory Medicine
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Acute renal failure
  • Crystals
  • Cyanuric acid
  • Food adulteration
  • Melamine
  • Toxicosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Toxicosis Caused by Melamine and Cyanuric Acid in Dogs and Cats: Uncovering the Mystery and Subsequent Global Implications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this