Total hip replacement in dogs with contralateral pelvic limb amputation: A retrospective evaluation of 13 cases

Amy B. Gifford, Peter J. Lotsikas, William D. Liska, Sarah K. Israel, Mark C. Rochat, W. Brian Saunders, Laurent P. Guiot, Denis J. Marcellin-Little, Kevin P. Benjamino, Jonathan Dyce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To report the clinical characteristics, surgical management, and medium-term outcomes of total hip replacement (THR) performed in dogs with previous contralateral pelvic limb amputation. Animals: Thirteen client-owned dogs. Study design: Multi-institutional retrospective clinical study. Methods: Data recorded from medical records included signalment, indication for amputation and THR, and surgical complications. Implant positioning and complications were assessed on radiographs. Clinical outcomes were evaluated during follow-up examinations by one of the authors and through a mobility- and lifestyle-based questionnaire completed by owners. Results: All 13 dogs had satisfactory clinical results at follow-up a median of 3 months (range, 2-36) after THR. No postoperative luxation was recorded. Four dogs had minor complications that did not require additional treatment. The only major complication was one failure of osseointegration of a cementless acetabular cup, and it was successfully revised. Conclusion: Total hip replacement resulted in satisfactory clinical results and acceptable morbidity in this population. Clinical significance: Total hip replacement should be considered in dogs with severe coxofemoral joint disease and contralateral pelvic limb amputation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1487-1496
Number of pages10
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume49
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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