The differential for neonatal hematemesis ranges from benign etiologies to life-threatening emergencies. Neonatal gastric perforation is a rare cause of neonatal hematemesis but is a deadly condition, requiring prompt diagnosis and treatment. The etiology is usually related to conditions predisposing to overdistension of the stomach, such as positive pressure ventilation or distal obstruction, but in some cases cannot be determined. Patients generally present with abdominal distension and respiratory distress. We present a case of a 1-day old term baby girl who developed sudden onset hematemesis and clinical deterioration, who was found to have a large proximal gastric perforation requiring emergent total gastrectomy with delayed reconstruction.
- Gastric perforation
- Hunt-lawrence pouch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health