Total dietary fiber composition of diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus in cats

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Abstract

Objective-To determine total dietary fiber (TDF) composition of feline diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Dry veterinary (n = 10), canned veterinary (12), and canned over-the-counter (3) feline diets. Procedures-Percentage of TDF as insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), high-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (HMWSDF), and low-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (LMWSDF) was determined. Results-Median measured TDF concentration was greater than reported maximum crude fiber content in dry and canned diets. Median TDF (dry-matter) concentration in dry and canned diets was 12.2% (range, 8.11% to 27.16%) and 13.8% (range, 4.7% to 27.9%), respectively. Dry and canned diets, and diets with and without a source of oligosaccharides in the ingredient list, were not different in energy density or concentrations of TDF, IDF, HMWSDF, or LMWSDF. Similarly, loaf-type (n = 11) and gravy-type (4) canned diets differed only in LMWSDF concentration. Disparities in TDF concentrations among products existed despite a lack of differences among groups. Limited differences in TDF concentration and dietary fiber composition were detected when diets were compared on the basis of carbohydrate concentration. Diets labeled for management of obesity were higher in TDF concentration and lower in energy density than diets for management of diabetes mellitus. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Diets provided a range of TDF concentrations with variable concentrations of IDF, HMWSDF, and LMWSDF. Crude fiber concentration was not a reliable indicator of TDF concentration or dietary fiber composition. Because carbohydrate content is calculated as a difference, results suggested that use of crude fiber content would cause overestimation of both carbohydrate and energy content of diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume245
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

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Dietary Fiber
diabetes mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus
Cats
obesity
dietary fiber
Obesity
cats
Diet
diet
Molecular Weight
molecular weight
crude fiber
energy density
Felidae
Carbohydrates
carbohydrate content
fiber content
gravy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Total dietary fiber composition of diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus in cats",
abstract = "Objective-To determine total dietary fiber (TDF) composition of feline diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Dry veterinary (n = 10), canned veterinary (12), and canned over-the-counter (3) feline diets. Procedures-Percentage of TDF as insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), high-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (HMWSDF), and low-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (LMWSDF) was determined. Results-Median measured TDF concentration was greater than reported maximum crude fiber content in dry and canned diets. Median TDF (dry-matter) concentration in dry and canned diets was 12.2{\%} (range, 8.11{\%} to 27.16{\%}) and 13.8{\%} (range, 4.7{\%} to 27.9{\%}), respectively. Dry and canned diets, and diets with and without a source of oligosaccharides in the ingredient list, were not different in energy density or concentrations of TDF, IDF, HMWSDF, or LMWSDF. Similarly, loaf-type (n = 11) and gravy-type (4) canned diets differed only in LMWSDF concentration. Disparities in TDF concentrations among products existed despite a lack of differences among groups. Limited differences in TDF concentration and dietary fiber composition were detected when diets were compared on the basis of carbohydrate concentration. Diets labeled for management of obesity were higher in TDF concentration and lower in energy density than diets for management of diabetes mellitus. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Diets provided a range of TDF concentrations with variable concentrations of IDF, HMWSDF, and LMWSDF. Crude fiber concentration was not a reliable indicator of TDF concentration or dietary fiber composition. Because carbohydrate content is calculated as a difference, results suggested that use of crude fiber content would cause overestimation of both carbohydrate and energy content of diets.",
author = "Owens, {Tammy J.} and Larsen, {Jennifer A} and Farcas, {Amy K.} and Nelson, {Richard W} and Kass, {Philip H} and Fascetti, {Andrea J}",
year = "2014",
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doi = "10.2460/javma.245.1.99",
language = "English (US)",
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pages = "99--105",
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T1 - Total dietary fiber composition of diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus in cats

AU - Owens, Tammy J.

AU - Larsen, Jennifer A

AU - Farcas, Amy K.

AU - Nelson, Richard W

AU - Kass, Philip H

AU - Fascetti, Andrea J

PY - 2014/7/1

Y1 - 2014/7/1

N2 - Objective-To determine total dietary fiber (TDF) composition of feline diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Dry veterinary (n = 10), canned veterinary (12), and canned over-the-counter (3) feline diets. Procedures-Percentage of TDF as insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), high-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (HMWSDF), and low-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (LMWSDF) was determined. Results-Median measured TDF concentration was greater than reported maximum crude fiber content in dry and canned diets. Median TDF (dry-matter) concentration in dry and canned diets was 12.2% (range, 8.11% to 27.16%) and 13.8% (range, 4.7% to 27.9%), respectively. Dry and canned diets, and diets with and without a source of oligosaccharides in the ingredient list, were not different in energy density or concentrations of TDF, IDF, HMWSDF, or LMWSDF. Similarly, loaf-type (n = 11) and gravy-type (4) canned diets differed only in LMWSDF concentration. Disparities in TDF concentrations among products existed despite a lack of differences among groups. Limited differences in TDF concentration and dietary fiber composition were detected when diets were compared on the basis of carbohydrate concentration. Diets labeled for management of obesity were higher in TDF concentration and lower in energy density than diets for management of diabetes mellitus. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Diets provided a range of TDF concentrations with variable concentrations of IDF, HMWSDF, and LMWSDF. Crude fiber concentration was not a reliable indicator of TDF concentration or dietary fiber composition. Because carbohydrate content is calculated as a difference, results suggested that use of crude fiber content would cause overestimation of both carbohydrate and energy content of diets.

AB - Objective-To determine total dietary fiber (TDF) composition of feline diets used for management of obesity and diabetes mellitus. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample-Dry veterinary (n = 10), canned veterinary (12), and canned over-the-counter (3) feline diets. Procedures-Percentage of TDF as insoluble dietary fiber (IDF), high-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (HMWSDF), and low-molecular-weight soluble dietary fiber (LMWSDF) was determined. Results-Median measured TDF concentration was greater than reported maximum crude fiber content in dry and canned diets. Median TDF (dry-matter) concentration in dry and canned diets was 12.2% (range, 8.11% to 27.16%) and 13.8% (range, 4.7% to 27.9%), respectively. Dry and canned diets, and diets with and without a source of oligosaccharides in the ingredient list, were not different in energy density or concentrations of TDF, IDF, HMWSDF, or LMWSDF. Similarly, loaf-type (n = 11) and gravy-type (4) canned diets differed only in LMWSDF concentration. Disparities in TDF concentrations among products existed despite a lack of differences among groups. Limited differences in TDF concentration and dietary fiber composition were detected when diets were compared on the basis of carbohydrate concentration. Diets labeled for management of obesity were higher in TDF concentration and lower in energy density than diets for management of diabetes mellitus. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Diets provided a range of TDF concentrations with variable concentrations of IDF, HMWSDF, and LMWSDF. Crude fiber concentration was not a reliable indicator of TDF concentration or dietary fiber composition. Because carbohydrate content is calculated as a difference, results suggested that use of crude fiber content would cause overestimation of both carbohydrate and energy content of diets.

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