Tools available to communities for conducting cumulative exposure and risk assessments

Timothy M. Barzyk, Kathryn C. Conlon, Teresa Chahine, Davyda M. Hammond, Valerie G. Zartarian, Bradley D. Schultz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper summarizes and assesses over 70 tools that could aid with gathering information and taking action on environmental issues related to community-based cumulative risk assessments (CBCRA). Information on tool use, development and research needs, was gathered from websites, documents, and CBCRA program participants and researchers, including 25 project officers who work directly with community groups. The tools were assessed on the basis of information provided by project officers, community members, CBCRA researchers, and by case study applications. Tables summarize key environmental issues and tool features: (1) a listing of CBCRA-related environmental issues of concern to communities; (2) web-based tools that map environmental information; (3) step-by-step guidance documents; (4) databases of environmental information; and (5) computer models that simulate human exposure to chemical stressors. All tools described here are publicly available, with the focus being on tools developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency. These tables provide sources of information to promote risk identification and prioritization beyond risk perception approaches, and could be used by CBCRA participants and researchers. The purpose of this overview is twofold: (1) To present a comprehensive, though not exhaustive, summary of numerous tools that could aid with performing CBCRAs; and (2) To use this toolset as a sample of the current state of CBCRA tools to critically examine their utility and guide research for the development of new and improved tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-384
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology
Volume20
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Community-based
  • Cumulative exposure
  • Cumulative risk
  • Exposure assessments
  • Exposure tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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