Togaviruses Not Associated with Human Disease

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Most alphaviruses are arthropod-borne human pathogens. The exceptions are alphaviruses that have not been associated with human rash and fever or encephalitis, or that occur only in fish or in insects on marine mammals. Relatively little is known about the transmission cycles of these viruses, including Middelburg, Fort Morgan, Getah, Ndumu, Cabassou, Whataroa, Bebaru, Una, and Trocara viruses, and they have not often been isolated from mosquitoes or other arthropods, although some infect humans and other animals. Marine alphaviruses include salmonid viruses that cause sleeping disease and pancreas disease in farmed fish in Western Europe and North America, and the louse-borne elephant seal virus. These alphaviruses are discussed in this article.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Virology
PublisherElsevier Ltd.
Pages91-96
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9780123744104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Togaviridae
Alphavirus
Viruses
Arthropods
Fishes
Earless Seals
Phthiraptera
Encephalitis
North America
Exanthema
Culicidae
Insects
Pancreas
Mammals
Fever

Keywords

  • Alphavirus
  • Alphaviruses
  • Alphaviruses not associated with human disease
  • Salmonid
  • Southern elephant seal virus
  • Togaviridae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Cite this

Togaviruses Not Associated with Human Disease. / Coffey, L. L.

Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd., 2008. p. 91-96.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Coffey, L. L. / Togaviruses Not Associated with Human Disease. Encyclopedia of Virology. Elsevier Ltd., 2008. pp. 91-96
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