Tobacco use in Vietnam: Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations

C. N H Jenkins, Xuan Dai Pham Xuan Dai, Hong Ngoc Do Hong Ngoc, Van Kinh Hoang Van Kinh, Trong Hoang Truong Trong Hoang, S. Bales, Susan L Stewart, S. J. McPhee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. - To describe tobacco use in Vietnam and the impact of transnational tobacco corporations there. Design. - In cities, a multistage cluster design; in communes, a systematic sample design, using face-to-face interviews in all sites. Setting. - Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and 2 rural communes in Vietnam. Participants. - Random samples totaling 2004 men and women aged 18 years or older. Main Outcome Measures. - Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, amount and duration of smoking, age at initiation, quitting behavior, knowledge of health hazards of and attitudes toward smoking, and cigarette brand smoked, preferred, and recognized as most widely advertised. Results. - Smoking prevalence among men (n=970) was 72.8% and 4.3% among women (n=1031). Mate smokers had smoked a mean of 15.5 years; the median age at initiation was 19.5 years. Among mate smokers, 16% smoked non-Vietnamese cigarettes. More than twice as many (38%), however, said that they would prefer to smoke a non-Vietnamese brand if they could afford the cost. Among those who recalled any cigarette advertising (38%), 71% recalled a non-Vietnamese brand as the most commonly advertised. Male smokers who were significantly more likely to smoke non-Vietnamese brands lived in the south, were engaged in blue collar or business/service occupations, earned higher incomes, and lived in urban areas. Conclusions. - Vietnam has the highest reported male smoking prevalence rate in the world. Unless forceful steps are taken to reduce smoking among men and prevent the uptake of smoking by youth and women, Vietnam will face a tremendous health and economic burden in the near future. Implementation of a comprehensive national tobacco control campaign together with international regulation will be the keys to the eradication of the tobacco epidemic in Vietnam and throughout the developing world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1726-1731
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume277
Issue number21
StatePublished - 1997

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Tobacco Use
Tobacco
Smoking
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Attitude to Health
Occupations
Economics
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Interviews
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Jenkins, C. N. H., Pham Xuan Dai, X. D., Do Hong Ngoc, H. N., Hoang Van Kinh, V. K., Truong Trong Hoang, T. H., Bales, S., ... McPhee, S. J. (1997). Tobacco use in Vietnam: Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations. Journal of the American Medical Association, 277(21), 1726-1731.

Tobacco use in Vietnam : Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations. / Jenkins, C. N H; Pham Xuan Dai, Xuan Dai; Do Hong Ngoc, Hong Ngoc; Hoang Van Kinh, Van Kinh; Truong Trong Hoang, Trong Hoang; Bales, S.; Stewart, Susan L; McPhee, S. J.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 277, No. 21, 1997, p. 1726-1731.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jenkins, CNH, Pham Xuan Dai, XD, Do Hong Ngoc, HN, Hoang Van Kinh, VK, Truong Trong Hoang, TH, Bales, S, Stewart, SL & McPhee, SJ 1997, 'Tobacco use in Vietnam: Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations', Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 277, no. 21, pp. 1726-1731.
Jenkins CNH, Pham Xuan Dai XD, Do Hong Ngoc HN, Hoang Van Kinh VK, Truong Trong Hoang TH, Bales S et al. Tobacco use in Vietnam: Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1997;277(21):1726-1731.
Jenkins, C. N H ; Pham Xuan Dai, Xuan Dai ; Do Hong Ngoc, Hong Ngoc ; Hoang Van Kinh, Van Kinh ; Truong Trong Hoang, Trong Hoang ; Bales, S. ; Stewart, Susan L ; McPhee, S. J. / Tobacco use in Vietnam : Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 1997 ; Vol. 277, No. 21. pp. 1726-1731.
@article{26e8f3daadfb4756aee36e0763b8eacd,
title = "Tobacco use in Vietnam: Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations",
abstract = "Objective. - To describe tobacco use in Vietnam and the impact of transnational tobacco corporations there. Design. - In cities, a multistage cluster design; in communes, a systematic sample design, using face-to-face interviews in all sites. Setting. - Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and 2 rural communes in Vietnam. Participants. - Random samples totaling 2004 men and women aged 18 years or older. Main Outcome Measures. - Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, amount and duration of smoking, age at initiation, quitting behavior, knowledge of health hazards of and attitudes toward smoking, and cigarette brand smoked, preferred, and recognized as most widely advertised. Results. - Smoking prevalence among men (n=970) was 72.8{\%} and 4.3{\%} among women (n=1031). Mate smokers had smoked a mean of 15.5 years; the median age at initiation was 19.5 years. Among mate smokers, 16{\%} smoked non-Vietnamese cigarettes. More than twice as many (38{\%}), however, said that they would prefer to smoke a non-Vietnamese brand if they could afford the cost. Among those who recalled any cigarette advertising (38{\%}), 71{\%} recalled a non-Vietnamese brand as the most commonly advertised. Male smokers who were significantly more likely to smoke non-Vietnamese brands lived in the south, were engaged in blue collar or business/service occupations, earned higher incomes, and lived in urban areas. Conclusions. - Vietnam has the highest reported male smoking prevalence rate in the world. Unless forceful steps are taken to reduce smoking among men and prevent the uptake of smoking by youth and women, Vietnam will face a tremendous health and economic burden in the near future. Implementation of a comprehensive national tobacco control campaign together with international regulation will be the keys to the eradication of the tobacco epidemic in Vietnam and throughout the developing world.",
author = "Jenkins, {C. N H} and {Pham Xuan Dai}, {Xuan Dai} and {Do Hong Ngoc}, {Hong Ngoc} and {Hoang Van Kinh}, {Van Kinh} and {Truong Trong Hoang}, {Trong Hoang} and S. Bales and Stewart, {Susan L} and McPhee, {S. J.}",
year = "1997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "277",
pages = "1726--1731",
journal = "JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association",
issn = "0002-9955",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "21",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tobacco use in Vietnam

T2 - Prevalence, predictors, and the role of the transnational tobacco corporations

AU - Jenkins, C. N H

AU - Pham Xuan Dai, Xuan Dai

AU - Do Hong Ngoc, Hong Ngoc

AU - Hoang Van Kinh, Van Kinh

AU - Truong Trong Hoang, Trong Hoang

AU - Bales, S.

AU - Stewart, Susan L

AU - McPhee, S. J.

PY - 1997

Y1 - 1997

N2 - Objective. - To describe tobacco use in Vietnam and the impact of transnational tobacco corporations there. Design. - In cities, a multistage cluster design; in communes, a systematic sample design, using face-to-face interviews in all sites. Setting. - Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and 2 rural communes in Vietnam. Participants. - Random samples totaling 2004 men and women aged 18 years or older. Main Outcome Measures. - Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, amount and duration of smoking, age at initiation, quitting behavior, knowledge of health hazards of and attitudes toward smoking, and cigarette brand smoked, preferred, and recognized as most widely advertised. Results. - Smoking prevalence among men (n=970) was 72.8% and 4.3% among women (n=1031). Mate smokers had smoked a mean of 15.5 years; the median age at initiation was 19.5 years. Among mate smokers, 16% smoked non-Vietnamese cigarettes. More than twice as many (38%), however, said that they would prefer to smoke a non-Vietnamese brand if they could afford the cost. Among those who recalled any cigarette advertising (38%), 71% recalled a non-Vietnamese brand as the most commonly advertised. Male smokers who were significantly more likely to smoke non-Vietnamese brands lived in the south, were engaged in blue collar or business/service occupations, earned higher incomes, and lived in urban areas. Conclusions. - Vietnam has the highest reported male smoking prevalence rate in the world. Unless forceful steps are taken to reduce smoking among men and prevent the uptake of smoking by youth and women, Vietnam will face a tremendous health and economic burden in the near future. Implementation of a comprehensive national tobacco control campaign together with international regulation will be the keys to the eradication of the tobacco epidemic in Vietnam and throughout the developing world.

AB - Objective. - To describe tobacco use in Vietnam and the impact of transnational tobacco corporations there. Design. - In cities, a multistage cluster design; in communes, a systematic sample design, using face-to-face interviews in all sites. Setting. - Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, and 2 rural communes in Vietnam. Participants. - Random samples totaling 2004 men and women aged 18 years or older. Main Outcome Measures. - Prevalence and correlates of tobacco smoking, amount and duration of smoking, age at initiation, quitting behavior, knowledge of health hazards of and attitudes toward smoking, and cigarette brand smoked, preferred, and recognized as most widely advertised. Results. - Smoking prevalence among men (n=970) was 72.8% and 4.3% among women (n=1031). Mate smokers had smoked a mean of 15.5 years; the median age at initiation was 19.5 years. Among mate smokers, 16% smoked non-Vietnamese cigarettes. More than twice as many (38%), however, said that they would prefer to smoke a non-Vietnamese brand if they could afford the cost. Among those who recalled any cigarette advertising (38%), 71% recalled a non-Vietnamese brand as the most commonly advertised. Male smokers who were significantly more likely to smoke non-Vietnamese brands lived in the south, were engaged in blue collar or business/service occupations, earned higher incomes, and lived in urban areas. Conclusions. - Vietnam has the highest reported male smoking prevalence rate in the world. Unless forceful steps are taken to reduce smoking among men and prevent the uptake of smoking by youth and women, Vietnam will face a tremendous health and economic burden in the near future. Implementation of a comprehensive national tobacco control campaign together with international regulation will be the keys to the eradication of the tobacco epidemic in Vietnam and throughout the developing world.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030920909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030920909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 9169903

AN - SCOPUS:0030920909

VL - 277

SP - 1726

EP - 1731

JO - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

JF - JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association

SN - 0002-9955

IS - 21

ER -