Tobacco and alcohol: the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts.

N. Gyawali, R. Gurung, N. Poudyal, R. Amatya, R. Shrestha, L. K. Khanal, Suraj Timilsina, S. K. Bhattacharya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tuberculosis is transmitted commonly by droplet nuclei and facilitated by weak immune system. Lowered immunity may be associated with cigarette smoking, tobacco chewing and alcohol consumption. The co-relationship between these all factors to TB should be explored. This study aims to detect the hidden household contacts (HC) cases early and to examine the relative contribution of tobacco and alcohol use to the risk of TB. Across-sectional study was in Dharan among HCs. From June 2009 to May 2010, 184 index cases with sputum smear positive for AFB and their 802 HCs were included. Three sputum specimens were collected from each HCs and examined microscopically for AFB detection. AFB were detected in sputum of 13 (1.6%) HCs. The association between habits (alcohol user and smoking) and TB was found except with chewing tobacco user (P > 0.05). The risk of contact TB was 4 and 8 times greater in smoker (OR = 3.94 95% CI = 1.26-12.26, P < 0.05) and alcoholic (OR = 8.23 95% CI = 2.71-24.98, P < 0.05) HCs respectively. This study has revealed smoking and alcohols as the risk factors for tuberculosis. Effective campaign to discourage use of alcohol and tobacco, and awareness programme about the mode of transmission of TB are needed in community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-128
Number of pages4
JournalNepal Medical College journal : NMCJ
Volume15
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Tobacco Use
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Tobacco
Sputum
Alcohols
Smoking
Tuberculosis
Smokeless Tobacco
Alcohol Drinking
Habits
Immune System
Immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Gyawali, N., Gurung, R., Poudyal, N., Amatya, R., Shrestha, R., Khanal, L. K., ... Bhattacharya, S. K. (2013). Tobacco and alcohol: the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts. Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ, 15(2), 125-128.

Tobacco and alcohol : the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts. / Gyawali, N.; Gurung, R.; Poudyal, N.; Amatya, R.; Shrestha, R.; Khanal, L. K.; Timilsina, Suraj; Bhattacharya, S. K.

In: Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ, Vol. 15, No. 2, 01.01.2013, p. 125-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gyawali, N, Gurung, R, Poudyal, N, Amatya, R, Shrestha, R, Khanal, LK, Timilsina, S & Bhattacharya, SK 2013, 'Tobacco and alcohol: the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts.', Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 125-128.
Gyawali N, Gurung R, Poudyal N, Amatya R, Shrestha R, Khanal LK et al. Tobacco and alcohol: the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts. Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ. 2013 Jan 1;15(2):125-128.
Gyawali, N. ; Gurung, R. ; Poudyal, N. ; Amatya, R. ; Shrestha, R. ; Khanal, L. K. ; Timilsina, Suraj ; Bhattacharya, S. K. / Tobacco and alcohol : the relation to pulmonary tuberculosis in household contacts. In: Nepal Medical College journal : NMCJ. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 2. pp. 125-128.
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