Six dermal neurofibromas obtained from 5 patients with neurofibromatosis were dissociated and the cells were plated on polylysine-coated glass. Two principal cell types were observed in the cultures: elongated and bipolar Schwann-like cells (SLCs), and polymorphic flattened fibroblast-like cells (FLCs). Indirect immunofluoresence demonstrated that SLCs expressed surface laminin but not surface fibronectin; FLCs expressed surface fibronectin but were only weakly positive for surface laminin. Tritiated thymidine autoradiography demonstrated that cultured SLCs proliferated slowly (labeling index, 0.7 to 4.0%), whereas FLCs divided more rapidly (labeling index, 7.5 to 26.4%). Axolemmal fragments prepared from human or rat central nervous system specimens adhered to SLCs derived from each of the 6 neurofibromas, but not to FLCs. Axolemmal fragments induced a marked proliferative response of SLCs from 2 of the 6 neurofibromas but had no effect on proliferation of SLCs from the other 4 neurofibromas or FLCs from any of the 6 neurofibromas. In one patient from whom 2 neurofibromas were obtained, SLCs from one neurofibroma responded to axolemmal fragments, while SLCs from the other did not. Treatment of the cultures with 0.1 mM cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) analogue, 8-bromo cAMP, caused marked inhibition of proliferation of both SLCs and FLCs derived from all 6 neurofibromas. The same concentration of another cAMP analogue, dibutyryl cAMP, inhibited proliferation of SLCs but not of FLCs.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annals of Neurology|
|State||Published - 1985|
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