Time-resolved and nonlinear optical imaging for medical applications

R. R. Alfano, S. G. Demos, P. Galland, S. K. Gayen, Yici Guo, P. P. Ho, X. Liang, F. Liu, L. Wang, Q. Z. Wang, W. B. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


In this article, we have presented an overview of emerging novel techniques for early-light transillumination imaging as well as nonlinear optical tomography of body organs. The use of light for probing and imaging biomedical media offers the promise for development of safe, noninvasive, and inexpensive clinical imaging modalities with diagnostic ability. The strong scattering of light by biological tissues buries the shadowgram formed by forward-propatating image-bearing photons in the background noise of multiple-scattered light. Several methods for extraction of image-bearing light that capitalize on spatial, temporal and polarization characteristics of transmitted light are reviewed. More recently emerging nonlinear-optical histopathology methods for imaging subsurface structures of tissues in terms of its local spatial symmetry and molecular content are introduced. The progress made so far indicates that some of these techniques are apt to make a transition from laboratory to useful clinical modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-28
Number of pages15
JournalAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
StatePublished - Feb 9 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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