Time-related responses of spontaneously breathing, laterally recumbent horses to prolonged anesthesia with halothane.

Eugene Steffey, A. B. Kelly, M. J. Woliner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Cardiovascular and respiratory functions were serially evaluated in ten healthy, fasting, spontaneously breathing, laterally recumbent adult horses during five hours of constant 1.06% alveolar halothane (equivalent to 1.2 times the minimum alveolar concentration for horses). Mean carotid arterial pressure was about 25% higher after one hour of constant-dose halothane than after 30 minutes of constant-dose (P less than 0.05), and remained increased throughout the study. Mean carotid arterial pressure peaked after 90 minutes, and was about 30% higher than at 30 minutes. Total peripheral vascular resistance initially increased (20% at one hour), then gradually returned to the 0.5-hour value over the next four hours. Cardiac output progressively increased with time (P less than 0.05; 20% by two hours; nearly 40% by five hours) because of an increase in stroke volume. An increase (P less than 0.05) in mixed venous PO2 accompanied the increase in cardiac output. Heart rate did not change significantly (P greater than 0.05). Some measures of ventilation changed significantly with time (P less than 0.05). After four and five hours of constant alveolar halothane, the PaCO2, inspired gas flow, and ratio of inspired vs expired gas flow were significantly higher than the 0.5-hour values. Inspiratory time significantly decreased, beginning at three hours. All horses recovered from anesthesia and recumbency without complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)952-957
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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