Time-integrated monitoring of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in aquatic environments using the ceramic toximeter and the CALUX bioassay

Amr Addeck, Kim Croes, Kersten Van Langenhove, Michael S. Denison, Ahmed S. Afify, Yue Gao, Marc Elskens, Willy Baeyens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ceramic passive samplers or toximeters (packed with active carbon 1%, w/w, on celite), in combination with the CALUX bioassay have been used as a time-integrated monitoring technique for dissolved dioxin-like PCBs in urban and industrial wastewaters. The technique showed to be reliable during laboratory experiments: (1) PCB-126 amounts extracted from the passive samplers increased linearly with the time of exposure and (2) PCB-126 concentrations calculated from the amounts accumulated by the passive samplers were in agreement with their concentrations in the testing solution. Afterwards the toximeters were applied in the field. Two sampling sites located in Egypt were chosen: the Belbeis drainage canal, and the EMAK paper mill. A total of 18 ceramic toximeters were exposed to the wastewater in both sampling sites for a maximum period of 4 weeks. Two samplers were collected weekly from each site to monitor the increase in target analytes over time. Extracts were analyzed using the CALUX bioassay and the total dioxin-like PCB toxicity was reported for the aqueous phase (water column), as well as the solid phase (sediment and sludge) in both sampling sites. The time-weighted average concentration (TWA) of dl-PCBs in wastewater of the paper mill during the sampling period ranged between 7.1 and 9.1 pg-BEQ L-1, while that of the drainage canal ranged between 9.5 and 12.2 pg-BEQ L-1. The dl-PCBs in the fibrous sludge (paper mill) and bottom sediment (drainage canal) were 0.5 and 0.4 pg-BEQ g -1 dry-weight, respectively. The organic-carbon normalized partition coefficients between sediment and water (log Koc) for the paper mill and the canal were 2.4 and 4.3, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-418
Number of pages6
JournalTalanta
Volume120
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

3,4,5,3',4'-pentachlorobiphenyl
Dioxins
Bioassay
Polychlorinated Biphenyls
Ceramics
Canals
Biological Assay
Waste Water
Sampling
Drainage
Sediments
Wastewater
Monitoring
Sewage
Carbon
Diatomaceous Earth
Water
Egypt
Organic carbon
Toxicity

Keywords

  • CALUX bioassay
  • Ceramic toximeter
  • Dioxin-like PCBs
  • Distribution coefficient
  • Passive sampling
  • Wastewater monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Time-integrated monitoring of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in aquatic environments using the ceramic toximeter and the CALUX bioassay. / Addeck, Amr; Croes, Kim; Van Langenhove, Kersten; Denison, Michael S.; Afify, Ahmed S.; Gao, Yue; Elskens, Marc; Baeyens, Willy.

In: Talanta, Vol. 120, 2014, p. 413-418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Addeck, Amr ; Croes, Kim ; Van Langenhove, Kersten ; Denison, Michael S. ; Afify, Ahmed S. ; Gao, Yue ; Elskens, Marc ; Baeyens, Willy. / Time-integrated monitoring of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in aquatic environments using the ceramic toximeter and the CALUX bioassay. In: Talanta. 2014 ; Vol. 120. pp. 413-418.
@article{d5058bab12a04ab7bd6355c20526c091,
title = "Time-integrated monitoring of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in aquatic environments using the ceramic toximeter and the CALUX bioassay",
abstract = "Ceramic passive samplers or toximeters (packed with active carbon 1{\%}, w/w, on celite), in combination with the CALUX bioassay have been used as a time-integrated monitoring technique for dissolved dioxin-like PCBs in urban and industrial wastewaters. The technique showed to be reliable during laboratory experiments: (1) PCB-126 amounts extracted from the passive samplers increased linearly with the time of exposure and (2) PCB-126 concentrations calculated from the amounts accumulated by the passive samplers were in agreement with their concentrations in the testing solution. Afterwards the toximeters were applied in the field. Two sampling sites located in Egypt were chosen: the Belbeis drainage canal, and the EMAK paper mill. A total of 18 ceramic toximeters were exposed to the wastewater in both sampling sites for a maximum period of 4 weeks. Two samplers were collected weekly from each site to monitor the increase in target analytes over time. Extracts were analyzed using the CALUX bioassay and the total dioxin-like PCB toxicity was reported for the aqueous phase (water column), as well as the solid phase (sediment and sludge) in both sampling sites. The time-weighted average concentration (TWA) of dl-PCBs in wastewater of the paper mill during the sampling period ranged between 7.1 and 9.1 pg-BEQ L-1, while that of the drainage canal ranged between 9.5 and 12.2 pg-BEQ L-1. The dl-PCBs in the fibrous sludge (paper mill) and bottom sediment (drainage canal) were 0.5 and 0.4 pg-BEQ g -1 dry-weight, respectively. The organic-carbon normalized partition coefficients between sediment and water (log Koc) for the paper mill and the canal were 2.4 and 4.3, respectively.",
keywords = "CALUX bioassay, Ceramic toximeter, Dioxin-like PCBs, Distribution coefficient, Passive sampling, Wastewater monitoring",
author = "Amr Addeck and Kim Croes and {Van Langenhove}, Kersten and Denison, {Michael S.} and Afify, {Ahmed S.} and Yue Gao and Marc Elskens and Willy Baeyens",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.talanta.2013.12.017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "120",
pages = "413--418",
journal = "Talanta",
issn = "0039-9140",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Time-integrated monitoring of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in aquatic environments using the ceramic toximeter and the CALUX bioassay

AU - Addeck, Amr

AU - Croes, Kim

AU - Van Langenhove, Kersten

AU - Denison, Michael S.

AU - Afify, Ahmed S.

AU - Gao, Yue

AU - Elskens, Marc

AU - Baeyens, Willy

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Ceramic passive samplers or toximeters (packed with active carbon 1%, w/w, on celite), in combination with the CALUX bioassay have been used as a time-integrated monitoring technique for dissolved dioxin-like PCBs in urban and industrial wastewaters. The technique showed to be reliable during laboratory experiments: (1) PCB-126 amounts extracted from the passive samplers increased linearly with the time of exposure and (2) PCB-126 concentrations calculated from the amounts accumulated by the passive samplers were in agreement with their concentrations in the testing solution. Afterwards the toximeters were applied in the field. Two sampling sites located in Egypt were chosen: the Belbeis drainage canal, and the EMAK paper mill. A total of 18 ceramic toximeters were exposed to the wastewater in both sampling sites for a maximum period of 4 weeks. Two samplers were collected weekly from each site to monitor the increase in target analytes over time. Extracts were analyzed using the CALUX bioassay and the total dioxin-like PCB toxicity was reported for the aqueous phase (water column), as well as the solid phase (sediment and sludge) in both sampling sites. The time-weighted average concentration (TWA) of dl-PCBs in wastewater of the paper mill during the sampling period ranged between 7.1 and 9.1 pg-BEQ L-1, while that of the drainage canal ranged between 9.5 and 12.2 pg-BEQ L-1. The dl-PCBs in the fibrous sludge (paper mill) and bottom sediment (drainage canal) were 0.5 and 0.4 pg-BEQ g -1 dry-weight, respectively. The organic-carbon normalized partition coefficients between sediment and water (log Koc) for the paper mill and the canal were 2.4 and 4.3, respectively.

AB - Ceramic passive samplers or toximeters (packed with active carbon 1%, w/w, on celite), in combination with the CALUX bioassay have been used as a time-integrated monitoring technique for dissolved dioxin-like PCBs in urban and industrial wastewaters. The technique showed to be reliable during laboratory experiments: (1) PCB-126 amounts extracted from the passive samplers increased linearly with the time of exposure and (2) PCB-126 concentrations calculated from the amounts accumulated by the passive samplers were in agreement with their concentrations in the testing solution. Afterwards the toximeters were applied in the field. Two sampling sites located in Egypt were chosen: the Belbeis drainage canal, and the EMAK paper mill. A total of 18 ceramic toximeters were exposed to the wastewater in both sampling sites for a maximum period of 4 weeks. Two samplers were collected weekly from each site to monitor the increase in target analytes over time. Extracts were analyzed using the CALUX bioassay and the total dioxin-like PCB toxicity was reported for the aqueous phase (water column), as well as the solid phase (sediment and sludge) in both sampling sites. The time-weighted average concentration (TWA) of dl-PCBs in wastewater of the paper mill during the sampling period ranged between 7.1 and 9.1 pg-BEQ L-1, while that of the drainage canal ranged between 9.5 and 12.2 pg-BEQ L-1. The dl-PCBs in the fibrous sludge (paper mill) and bottom sediment (drainage canal) were 0.5 and 0.4 pg-BEQ g -1 dry-weight, respectively. The organic-carbon normalized partition coefficients between sediment and water (log Koc) for the paper mill and the canal were 2.4 and 4.3, respectively.

KW - CALUX bioassay

KW - Ceramic toximeter

KW - Dioxin-like PCBs

KW - Distribution coefficient

KW - Passive sampling

KW - Wastewater monitoring

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84891679726&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84891679726&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.talanta.2013.12.017

DO - 10.1016/j.talanta.2013.12.017

M3 - Article

C2 - 24468390

AN - SCOPUS:84891679726

VL - 120

SP - 413

EP - 418

JO - Talanta

JF - Talanta

SN - 0039-9140

ER -