Threonine concentration in the prepyriform cortex has separate effects on dietary selection and intake of a threonine-imbalanced diet by rats

J. L. Beverly, D. W. Gietzen, Quinton Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dietary selection and intake of a threonine-imbalanced diet were evaluated after increasing the concentration of the dietary limiting amino acid in the prepyriform cortex. Selection against the threonine-imbalanced diet in favor of a protein-free diet was reversed when 2 or 4 nmol threonine was injected bilaterally into the prepyriform cortex. However, intake of the threonine-imbalanced diet was significantly increased only after injection of 2 nmol threonine. The reduced intake of the threonine-imbalanced diet, compared to the basal diet, after injection of 4 nmol threonine was not the result of an excess in the concentration of amino acid (or nitrogen) injected into the PPC because intake of the threonine-basal diet was not reduced when 4 nmol threonine was administered. Intake of the threonine-imbalanced diet was also increased after injection of 2 nmol threonine plus 2 nmol isoleucine but not after injections of 2 nmol isoleucine. The changes in food intake when an imbalanced diet is fed appear to be the result of at least two separable responses: recognition of a diet as having an amino acid imbalance, as indicated by dietary choice, and reduction in food intake. The results of this study indicate that changing the concentration of the dietary limiting amino acid in the prepyriform cortex influenced dietary selection and food intake separately.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1287-1292
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

Keywords

  • Amino acid imbalance
  • Dietary selection
  • Food intake
  • Prepyriform cortex
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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