Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: Implications for infectious disease transmission

Sarah N. Bevins, Scott Carver, Erin E. Boydston, Lisa M. Lyren, Mat Alldredge, Kenneth A. Logan, Seth P D Riley, Robert N. Fisher, T. Winston Vickers, Walter M Boyce, Mo Salman, Michael R. Lappin, Kevin R. Crooks, Sue VandeWoude

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anthropogenic landscape change can lead to increased opportunities for pathogen transmission between domestic and non-domestic animals. Pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats are sympatric in many areas of North America and share many of the same pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. We analyzed bobcat, puma, and feral domestic cat samples collected from targeted geographic areas. We examined exposure to three pathogens that are taxonomically diverse (bacterial, protozoal, viral), that incorporate multiple transmission strategies (vector-borne, environmental exposure/ingestion, and direct contact), and that vary in species-specificity. Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), and Toxoplasma gondii IgG were detected in all three species with mean respective prevalence as follows: puma 16%, 41% and 75%; bobcat 31%, 22% and 43%; domestic cat 45%, 10% and 1%. Bartonella spp. were highly prevalent among domestic cats in Southern California compared to other cohort groups. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exposure was primarily associated with species and age, and was not influenced by geographic location. Pumas were more likely to be infected with FIV than bobcats, with domestic cats having the lowest infection rate. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was high in both pumas and bobcats across all sites; in contrast, few domestic cats were seropositive, despite the fact that feral, free ranging domestic cats were targeted in this study. Interestingly, a directly transmitted species-specific disease (FIV) was not associated with geographic location, while exposure to indirectly transmitted diseases - vector-borne for Bartonella spp. and ingestion of oocysts via infected prey or environmental exposure for T. gondii - varied significantly by site. Pathogens transmitted by direct contact may be more dependent upon individual behaviors and intra-specific encounters. Future studies will integrate host density, as well as landscape features, to better understand the mechanisms driving disease exposure and to predict zones of cross-species pathogen transmission among wild and domestic felids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere31403
JournalPLoS One
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2012

Fingerprint

Lynx
Puma
Lynx rufus
Infectious Disease Transmission
Pathogens
disease transmission
sympatry
infectious diseases
Cats
Viruses
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus
cats
Feline immunodeficiency virus
Bartonella
pathogens
Toxoplasma
Population
Toxoplasma gondii
Geographic Locations
Environmental Exposure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bevins, S. N., Carver, S., Boydston, E. E., Lyren, L. M., Alldredge, M., Logan, K. A., ... VandeWoude, S. (2012). Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: Implications for infectious disease transmission. PLoS One, 7(2), [e31403]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031403

Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats : Implications for infectious disease transmission. / Bevins, Sarah N.; Carver, Scott; Boydston, Erin E.; Lyren, Lisa M.; Alldredge, Mat; Logan, Kenneth A.; Riley, Seth P D; Fisher, Robert N.; Vickers, T. Winston; Boyce, Walter M; Salman, Mo; Lappin, Michael R.; Crooks, Kevin R.; VandeWoude, Sue.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 7, No. 2, e31403, 08.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bevins, SN, Carver, S, Boydston, EE, Lyren, LM, Alldredge, M, Logan, KA, Riley, SPD, Fisher, RN, Vickers, TW, Boyce, WM, Salman, M, Lappin, MR, Crooks, KR & VandeWoude, S 2012, 'Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: Implications for infectious disease transmission', PLoS One, vol. 7, no. 2, e31403. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0031403
Bevins, Sarah N. ; Carver, Scott ; Boydston, Erin E. ; Lyren, Lisa M. ; Alldredge, Mat ; Logan, Kenneth A. ; Riley, Seth P D ; Fisher, Robert N. ; Vickers, T. Winston ; Boyce, Walter M ; Salman, Mo ; Lappin, Michael R. ; Crooks, Kevin R. ; VandeWoude, Sue. / Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats : Implications for infectious disease transmission. In: PLoS One. 2012 ; Vol. 7, No. 2.
@article{26f87e5488cc4a55a8c82dd97f544a02,
title = "Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: Implications for infectious disease transmission",
abstract = "Anthropogenic landscape change can lead to increased opportunities for pathogen transmission between domestic and non-domestic animals. Pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats are sympatric in many areas of North America and share many of the same pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. We analyzed bobcat, puma, and feral domestic cat samples collected from targeted geographic areas. We examined exposure to three pathogens that are taxonomically diverse (bacterial, protozoal, viral), that incorporate multiple transmission strategies (vector-borne, environmental exposure/ingestion, and direct contact), and that vary in species-specificity. Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), and Toxoplasma gondii IgG were detected in all three species with mean respective prevalence as follows: puma 16{\%}, 41{\%} and 75{\%}; bobcat 31{\%}, 22{\%} and 43{\%}; domestic cat 45{\%}, 10{\%} and 1{\%}. Bartonella spp. were highly prevalent among domestic cats in Southern California compared to other cohort groups. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exposure was primarily associated with species and age, and was not influenced by geographic location. Pumas were more likely to be infected with FIV than bobcats, with domestic cats having the lowest infection rate. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was high in both pumas and bobcats across all sites; in contrast, few domestic cats were seropositive, despite the fact that feral, free ranging domestic cats were targeted in this study. Interestingly, a directly transmitted species-specific disease (FIV) was not associated with geographic location, while exposure to indirectly transmitted diseases - vector-borne for Bartonella spp. and ingestion of oocysts via infected prey or environmental exposure for T. gondii - varied significantly by site. Pathogens transmitted by direct contact may be more dependent upon individual behaviors and intra-specific encounters. Future studies will integrate host density, as well as landscape features, to better understand the mechanisms driving disease exposure and to predict zones of cross-species pathogen transmission among wild and domestic felids.",
author = "Bevins, {Sarah N.} and Scott Carver and Boydston, {Erin E.} and Lyren, {Lisa M.} and Mat Alldredge and Logan, {Kenneth A.} and Riley, {Seth P D} and Fisher, {Robert N.} and Vickers, {T. Winston} and Boyce, {Walter M} and Mo Salman and Lappin, {Michael R.} and Crooks, {Kevin R.} and Sue VandeWoude",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0031403",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats

T2 - Implications for infectious disease transmission

AU - Bevins, Sarah N.

AU - Carver, Scott

AU - Boydston, Erin E.

AU - Lyren, Lisa M.

AU - Alldredge, Mat

AU - Logan, Kenneth A.

AU - Riley, Seth P D

AU - Fisher, Robert N.

AU - Vickers, T. Winston

AU - Boyce, Walter M

AU - Salman, Mo

AU - Lappin, Michael R.

AU - Crooks, Kevin R.

AU - VandeWoude, Sue

PY - 2012/2/8

Y1 - 2012/2/8

N2 - Anthropogenic landscape change can lead to increased opportunities for pathogen transmission between domestic and non-domestic animals. Pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats are sympatric in many areas of North America and share many of the same pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. We analyzed bobcat, puma, and feral domestic cat samples collected from targeted geographic areas. We examined exposure to three pathogens that are taxonomically diverse (bacterial, protozoal, viral), that incorporate multiple transmission strategies (vector-borne, environmental exposure/ingestion, and direct contact), and that vary in species-specificity. Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), and Toxoplasma gondii IgG were detected in all three species with mean respective prevalence as follows: puma 16%, 41% and 75%; bobcat 31%, 22% and 43%; domestic cat 45%, 10% and 1%. Bartonella spp. were highly prevalent among domestic cats in Southern California compared to other cohort groups. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exposure was primarily associated with species and age, and was not influenced by geographic location. Pumas were more likely to be infected with FIV than bobcats, with domestic cats having the lowest infection rate. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was high in both pumas and bobcats across all sites; in contrast, few domestic cats were seropositive, despite the fact that feral, free ranging domestic cats were targeted in this study. Interestingly, a directly transmitted species-specific disease (FIV) was not associated with geographic location, while exposure to indirectly transmitted diseases - vector-borne for Bartonella spp. and ingestion of oocysts via infected prey or environmental exposure for T. gondii - varied significantly by site. Pathogens transmitted by direct contact may be more dependent upon individual behaviors and intra-specific encounters. Future studies will integrate host density, as well as landscape features, to better understand the mechanisms driving disease exposure and to predict zones of cross-species pathogen transmission among wild and domestic felids.

AB - Anthropogenic landscape change can lead to increased opportunities for pathogen transmission between domestic and non-domestic animals. Pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats are sympatric in many areas of North America and share many of the same pathogens, some of which are zoonotic. We analyzed bobcat, puma, and feral domestic cat samples collected from targeted geographic areas. We examined exposure to three pathogens that are taxonomically diverse (bacterial, protozoal, viral), that incorporate multiple transmission strategies (vector-borne, environmental exposure/ingestion, and direct contact), and that vary in species-specificity. Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV), and Toxoplasma gondii IgG were detected in all three species with mean respective prevalence as follows: puma 16%, 41% and 75%; bobcat 31%, 22% and 43%; domestic cat 45%, 10% and 1%. Bartonella spp. were highly prevalent among domestic cats in Southern California compared to other cohort groups. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus exposure was primarily associated with species and age, and was not influenced by geographic location. Pumas were more likely to be infected with FIV than bobcats, with domestic cats having the lowest infection rate. Toxoplasma gondii seroprevalence was high in both pumas and bobcats across all sites; in contrast, few domestic cats were seropositive, despite the fact that feral, free ranging domestic cats were targeted in this study. Interestingly, a directly transmitted species-specific disease (FIV) was not associated with geographic location, while exposure to indirectly transmitted diseases - vector-borne for Bartonella spp. and ingestion of oocysts via infected prey or environmental exposure for T. gondii - varied significantly by site. Pathogens transmitted by direct contact may be more dependent upon individual behaviors and intra-specific encounters. Future studies will integrate host density, as well as landscape features, to better understand the mechanisms driving disease exposure and to predict zones of cross-species pathogen transmission among wild and domestic felids.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84856756631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84856756631&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0031403

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0031403

M3 - Article

C2 - 22347471

AN - SCOPUS:84856756631

VL - 7

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e31403

ER -