Thoracoscopy is commonly used in the diagnosis and treatment of human disease and is being used more regularly in veterinary cases. The use of thoracoscopy to perform mediastinal mass resection is a viable treatment option that should be considered when an appropriate case has been identified. Tumor size and the presence of vascular invasion are major factors to evaluate when considering the use of thoracoscopy for mediastinal mass resection, but when performed by experienced surgeons, the rate of complications associated with thoracoscopic mediastinal mass removal is low. This modality has tremendous potential for diagnosis and management of cranial mediastinal disease, and the outcomes have been encouraging.
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