Visceral obesity increases risks for all-cause mortality worldwide. A small population of thermogenic adipocytes expressing uncoupling protein-1 (Ucp1) regulates energy dissipation in white adipose tissue (WAT) depots. Thermogenic adipocytes subsets decrease obesity in mice, but their efficacy has not been tested in obese large animals. Here we enclosed murine subcutaneous adipocytes with and without engineered thermogenic response in biocompatible microcapsules and implanted them into the left and right side of the visceral falciform depot in six obese dogs. After 28 days of treatment, dogs have markedly reduced waist circumference, body weight, and fat mass. Ucp1 expression in canine WAT was increased at sites implanted with thermogenic vs. wild type murine adipocytes. This site-specific thermogenic remodeling of canine tissue by thermogenic murine adipocytes suggests evolutionary conserved paracrine regulation of energy dissipation across species. These findings have translational potential aimed to reduce deleterious WAT depots in humans and pets.
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