Thermoelectric Properties of Zintl Antimonides

Nasrin Kazem, Susan M. Kauzlarich

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Scopus citations


Enhancing the efficiency of thermoelectric devices is critical for their adoption in commercial large-scale applications aimed at converting heat into electricity. To compete with the present mechanical energy generators, thermoelectric materials need to be at least three times more efficient than today's commercial thermoelectrics. This high conversion efficiency corresponds to a thermoelectric figure of merit, zT, of ~ 3, which has remained elusive despite a long history of searching for new thermoelectric materials. The recent discoveries of high zT among Zintl phase compounds such as Yb14MnSb11, EuZn2Sb2, Yb9Mn4.2Sb9, clathrates, and the filled skutterudites show the potential of this class of compounds for more efficient thermoelectric materials. This perspective summarizes the recent progress on Zintl phases studied for thermoelectric applications with a focus on their chemistry, crystal structure, and transport properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
PublisherElsevier B.V.
Number of pages32
StatePublished - 2016

Publication series

NameHandbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
ISSN (Print)01681273


  • Crystal structure–transport properties relationship
  • Thermoelectric
  • Zintl
  • zT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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