In situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was used to investigate the effect of heating on an organo-Ge polymer/nanoparticle composite material containing 4-8 nm diameter alkyl-terminated Ge nanoparticles. The product was obtained from the reduction of GeCl 4 with Na(naphthalide) with subsequent capping of the -Cl surface with n-butyl Grignard reagent. The in situ HRTEM micrographs show that the product undergoes significant changes upon heating from room temperature to 600°C. Two pronounced effects were observed: (i) Ge nanoparticles coalesce and remain crystalline throughout the entire temperature range, and (ii) the organo-Ge polymer acts as a source for the in situ formation of additional Ge nanoparticles. The in situ-formed Ge nanoparticles are approximately 2-3 nm in diameter. These in situ-formed nanoparticles (2-3 nm) are so dense that, together with the original ones, they build up an almost continuous crystalline film in the temperatures between 300 and 500°C. Above 480°C, melting of the in situ formed Ge nanoparticles (2-3 nm) is observed, while nanoparticles greater than 5 nm remain crystalline. After cooling to room temperature, the 2-3 nm Ge nanoparticles recrystallized.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry