Thermal behavior and film formation from an organogermanium polymer/nanoparticle precursor

Hsiang Wei Chiu, Susan M. Kauzlarich, Eli Sutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


In situ high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) was used to investigate the effect of heating on an organo-Ge polymer/nanoparticle composite material containing 4-8 nm diameter alkyl-terminated Ge nanoparticles. The product was obtained from the reduction of GeCl 4 with Na(naphthalide) with subsequent capping of the -Cl surface with n-butyl Grignard reagent. The in situ HRTEM micrographs show that the product undergoes significant changes upon heating from room temperature to 600°C. Two pronounced effects were observed: (i) Ge nanoparticles coalesce and remain crystalline throughout the entire temperature range, and (ii) the organo-Ge polymer acts as a source for the in situ formation of additional Ge nanoparticles. The in situ-formed Ge nanoparticles are approximately 2-3 nm in diameter. These in situ-formed nanoparticles (2-3 nm) are so dense that, together with the original ones, they build up an almost continuous crystalline film in the temperatures between 300 and 500°C. Above 480°C, melting of the in situ formed Ge nanoparticles (2-3 nm) is observed, while nanoparticles greater than 5 nm remain crystalline. After cooling to room temperature, the 2-3 nm Ge nanoparticles recrystallized.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5455-5458
Number of pages4
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 6 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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