Therapeutic effect of the triazole Bay R 3783 in mouse models of coccidioidomycosis, blastomycosis, and histoplasmosis

Demosthenes Pappagianis, B. L. Zimmer, G. Theodoropoulos, M. Plempel, R. F. Hector

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

A new triazole, Bay R 3783, was compared with ketoconazole, itraconazole, and fluconazole, which were given via the alimentary tract at three dosages, and amphotericin B, which was given at 1 mg/kg intraperitoneally, in murine models of the systemic mycoses coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis. In a pulmonary coccidioidomycosis model, Bay R 3783, fluconazole, and itraconazole were essentially equally efficacious and more active than ketoconazole in protecting mice against death; but they were inferior to amphotericin B. In a short-term organ load experiment, Bay R 3783 and amphotericin B were equally effective and were more effective than the other drugs in reducing the amount of Coccidioides immitis in the lungs. Agains meningocerebral coccidioidomycosis, Bay R 3783, itraconazole, and fluconazole at 25 mg/kg and amphotericin B prevented death only during therapy, with mortality ensuing shortly thereafter. In mice with systemic histoplasmosis, Bay R 3783 and itraconazole at 25 mg/kg and amphotericin B prevented death in all mice through a 44-day observation period. Clearance of Histoplasma capsulatum from organs was similar in mice treated with Bay R 3783 and itraconazole; this clearance was greater than that in mice treated with ketoconazole and fluconazole but less than that in mice treated with amphotericin b. In mice with systemic blastomycosis, Bay R 3783 at 25 mg/kg yielded 90% survivors at 60 days, which was greater than that achieved with amphotericin B (60%) or itraconazole (30%). Clearance of Blastomyces dermatitidis from the lungs was greatest with Bay R 3783, followed by that with amphotericin B, itraconazole, fluconazole, and ketoconazole, in that order. Therefore, Bay R 3783 showed effectiveness comparable to or exceeding those of itraconazole and fluconazole and exceeding that of ketoconazole against these systemic mycoses in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1132-1138
Number of pages7
JournalAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Volume34
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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