The zeta potential of surface-functionalized metallic nanorod particles in aqueous solution

George M. Dougherty, Klint A. Rose, Jeffrey B H Tok, Satinderpall S. Pannu, Frank Chuang, Michael Y. Sha, Gabriela Chakarova, Sharron G. Penn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Metallic nanoparticles suspended in aqueous solutions and functionalized with chemical and biological surface coatings are important elements in basic and applied nanoscience research. Many applications require an understanding of the electrokinetic or colloidal properties of such particles. We describe the results of experiments to measure the zeta potential of metallic nanorod particles in aqueous saline solutions, including the effects of pH, ionic strength, metallic composition, and surface functionalization state. Particle substrates tested include gold, silver, and palladium monometallic particles as well as gold/ silver bimetallic particles. Surface functionalization conditions included 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA), mercaptoethanol (ME), and mercaptoethanesulfonic acid (MESA) self-assembled monolayers (SAMs), as well as MUA layers subsequently derivatized with proteins. For comparison, we present zeta potential data for typical charge-stabilized polystyrene particles. We compare experimental zeta potential data with theoretically predicted values for SAM-coated and bimetallic particles. The results of these studies are useful in predicting and controlling the aggregation, adhesion, and transport of functionalized metallic nanoparticles within microfluidic devices and other systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1131-1139
Number of pages9
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Aqueous solution
  • Nanoparticle
  • Nanorod
  • Self-assembled monolayer
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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