The use of the NEO-five factor inventory to assess personality in trauma patients: A two-year prospective study

Adil H. Haider, David H. Edwin, Ellen J. MacKenzie, Michael J. Bosse, Renan C. Castillo, Thomas G. Travison, Julie Agel, Jennifer Avery, Denise Bailey, Wendall Bryan, Debbie Bullard, Carla Carpenter, Elizabeth Chaparro, Kate Corbin, Denise Darnell, Stephanie Dickason, Thomas DiPasquale, Betty Harkin, Michael Harrington, Dolfi HerscoviciAmy Holdren, Linda Howard, Sarah Hutchings, Marie Johnson, Melissa Jurewicz, Donna Lampke, Karen Lee, Marianne Mars, Maxine Mendoza-Welch, J. Wayne Meredith, Nan Morris, Karen Murdock, Andrew Pollak, Pat Radey, Sandy Shelton, Sherry Simpson, Steven Sims, Douglas Smith, Adam Star, Celia Wiegman, John Wilber, Stephanie Williams, Philip R Wolinsky, Mary Woodman, Michele Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the usefulness and validity of a brief personality assessment for orthopaedic trauma patients. Methods: The NEO-Five Factor Inventory was evaluated within the context of the Lower Extremity Assessment Project, a prospective study of patients with severe lower extremity trauma admitted to eight level I trauma centers. Patients/Participants: The NEO-FFI was administered to 557 adults and 416 of their significant others. At 2 years postinjury, the NEO-FFI was readministered to 396 patients. Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures were as follows: (a) agreement between patient and significant other scores; (b) stability of personality traits over two years; and (c) the relationship of the measured NEO-FFI traits with patient characteristics and health habits. Results: There was fair to moderate agreement between assessments of personality provided by the patients themselves and their significant others, with intraclass correlation coefficients ranging from 0.44 to 0.54 for the different domains of personality. Patient assessments on the NEO-FFI were found to be robust with no significant changes in four of the five personality domains at 2 years postinjury. We also found that personality traits of patients are related to patient characteristics and behaviors in the directions that were expected. Conclusions: The NEO-FFI is a brief, valid, and stable measure of underlying personality traits that is practical for use in a trauma setting. Its use in both outcomes research and patient evaluation should be encouraged. In cases in which patients cannot complete the test, evaluations by significant others may be useful.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-667
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Personality
Prospective Studies
Equipment and Supplies
Wounds and Injuries
Personality Assessment
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Lower Extremity
Trauma Centers
Habits
Orthopedics
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Haider, A. H., Edwin, D. H., MacKenzie, E. J., Bosse, M. J., Castillo, R. C., Travison, T. G., ... Zimmerman, M. (2002). The use of the NEO-five factor inventory to assess personality in trauma patients: A two-year prospective study. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 16(9), 660-667. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005131-200210000-00008

The use of the NEO-five factor inventory to assess personality in trauma patients : A two-year prospective study. / Haider, Adil H.; Edwin, David H.; MacKenzie, Ellen J.; Bosse, Michael J.; Castillo, Renan C.; Travison, Thomas G.; Agel, Julie; Avery, Jennifer; Bailey, Denise; Bryan, Wendall; Bullard, Debbie; Carpenter, Carla; Chaparro, Elizabeth; Corbin, Kate; Darnell, Denise; Dickason, Stephanie; DiPasquale, Thomas; Harkin, Betty; Harrington, Michael; Herscovici, Dolfi; Holdren, Amy; Howard, Linda; Hutchings, Sarah; Johnson, Marie; Jurewicz, Melissa; Lampke, Donna; Lee, Karen; Mars, Marianne; Mendoza-Welch, Maxine; Meredith, J. Wayne; Morris, Nan; Murdock, Karen; Pollak, Andrew; Radey, Pat; Shelton, Sandy; Simpson, Sherry; Sims, Steven; Smith, Douglas; Star, Adam; Wiegman, Celia; Wilber, John; Williams, Stephanie; Wolinsky, Philip R; Woodman, Mary; Zimmerman, Michele.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, Vol. 16, No. 9, 10.2002, p. 660-667.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haider, AH, Edwin, DH, MacKenzie, EJ, Bosse, MJ, Castillo, RC, Travison, TG, Agel, J, Avery, J, Bailey, D, Bryan, W, Bullard, D, Carpenter, C, Chaparro, E, Corbin, K, Darnell, D, Dickason, S, DiPasquale, T, Harkin, B, Harrington, M, Herscovici, D, Holdren, A, Howard, L, Hutchings, S, Johnson, M, Jurewicz, M, Lampke, D, Lee, K, Mars, M, Mendoza-Welch, M, Meredith, JW, Morris, N, Murdock, K, Pollak, A, Radey, P, Shelton, S, Simpson, S, Sims, S, Smith, D, Star, A, Wiegman, C, Wilber, J, Williams, S, Wolinsky, PR, Woodman, M & Zimmerman, M 2002, 'The use of the NEO-five factor inventory to assess personality in trauma patients: A two-year prospective study', Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 660-667. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005131-200210000-00008
Haider, Adil H. ; Edwin, David H. ; MacKenzie, Ellen J. ; Bosse, Michael J. ; Castillo, Renan C. ; Travison, Thomas G. ; Agel, Julie ; Avery, Jennifer ; Bailey, Denise ; Bryan, Wendall ; Bullard, Debbie ; Carpenter, Carla ; Chaparro, Elizabeth ; Corbin, Kate ; Darnell, Denise ; Dickason, Stephanie ; DiPasquale, Thomas ; Harkin, Betty ; Harrington, Michael ; Herscovici, Dolfi ; Holdren, Amy ; Howard, Linda ; Hutchings, Sarah ; Johnson, Marie ; Jurewicz, Melissa ; Lampke, Donna ; Lee, Karen ; Mars, Marianne ; Mendoza-Welch, Maxine ; Meredith, J. Wayne ; Morris, Nan ; Murdock, Karen ; Pollak, Andrew ; Radey, Pat ; Shelton, Sandy ; Simpson, Sherry ; Sims, Steven ; Smith, Douglas ; Star, Adam ; Wiegman, Celia ; Wilber, John ; Williams, Stephanie ; Wolinsky, Philip R ; Woodman, Mary ; Zimmerman, Michele. / The use of the NEO-five factor inventory to assess personality in trauma patients : A two-year prospective study. In: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma. 2002 ; Vol. 16, No. 9. pp. 660-667.
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abstract = "Objective: To assess the usefulness and validity of a brief personality assessment for orthopaedic trauma patients. Methods: The NEO-Five Factor Inventory was evaluated within the context of the Lower Extremity Assessment Project, a prospective study of patients with severe lower extremity trauma admitted to eight level I trauma centers. Patients/Participants: The NEO-FFI was administered to 557 adults and 416 of their significant others. At 2 years postinjury, the NEO-FFI was readministered to 396 patients. Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures were as follows: (a) agreement between patient and significant other scores; (b) stability of personality traits over two years; and (c) the relationship of the measured NEO-FFI traits with patient characteristics and health habits. Results: There was fair to moderate agreement between assessments of personality provided by the patients themselves and their significant others, with intraclass correlation coefficients ranging from 0.44 to 0.54 for the different domains of personality. Patient assessments on the NEO-FFI were found to be robust with no significant changes in four of the five personality domains at 2 years postinjury. We also found that personality traits of patients are related to patient characteristics and behaviors in the directions that were expected. Conclusions: The NEO-FFI is a brief, valid, and stable measure of underlying personality traits that is practical for use in a trauma setting. Its use in both outcomes research and patient evaluation should be encouraged. In cases in which patients cannot complete the test, evaluations by significant others may be useful.",
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T2 - A two-year prospective study

AU - Haider, Adil H.

AU - Edwin, David H.

AU - MacKenzie, Ellen J.

AU - Bosse, Michael J.

AU - Castillo, Renan C.

AU - Travison, Thomas G.

AU - Agel, Julie

AU - Avery, Jennifer

AU - Bailey, Denise

AU - Bryan, Wendall

AU - Bullard, Debbie

AU - Carpenter, Carla

AU - Chaparro, Elizabeth

AU - Corbin, Kate

AU - Darnell, Denise

AU - Dickason, Stephanie

AU - DiPasquale, Thomas

AU - Harkin, Betty

AU - Harrington, Michael

AU - Herscovici, Dolfi

AU - Holdren, Amy

AU - Howard, Linda

AU - Hutchings, Sarah

AU - Johnson, Marie

AU - Jurewicz, Melissa

AU - Lampke, Donna

AU - Lee, Karen

AU - Mars, Marianne

AU - Mendoza-Welch, Maxine

AU - Meredith, J. Wayne

AU - Morris, Nan

AU - Murdock, Karen

AU - Pollak, Andrew

AU - Radey, Pat

AU - Shelton, Sandy

AU - Simpson, Sherry

AU - Sims, Steven

AU - Smith, Douglas

AU - Star, Adam

AU - Wiegman, Celia

AU - Wilber, John

AU - Williams, Stephanie

AU - Wolinsky, Philip R

AU - Woodman, Mary

AU - Zimmerman, Michele

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N2 - Objective: To assess the usefulness and validity of a brief personality assessment for orthopaedic trauma patients. Methods: The NEO-Five Factor Inventory was evaluated within the context of the Lower Extremity Assessment Project, a prospective study of patients with severe lower extremity trauma admitted to eight level I trauma centers. Patients/Participants: The NEO-FFI was administered to 557 adults and 416 of their significant others. At 2 years postinjury, the NEO-FFI was readministered to 396 patients. Main Outcome Measures: Main outcome measures were as follows: (a) agreement between patient and significant other scores; (b) stability of personality traits over two years; and (c) the relationship of the measured NEO-FFI traits with patient characteristics and health habits. Results: There was fair to moderate agreement between assessments of personality provided by the patients themselves and their significant others, with intraclass correlation coefficients ranging from 0.44 to 0.54 for the different domains of personality. Patient assessments on the NEO-FFI were found to be robust with no significant changes in four of the five personality domains at 2 years postinjury. We also found that personality traits of patients are related to patient characteristics and behaviors in the directions that were expected. Conclusions: The NEO-FFI is a brief, valid, and stable measure of underlying personality traits that is practical for use in a trauma setting. Its use in both outcomes research and patient evaluation should be encouraged. In cases in which patients cannot complete the test, evaluations by significant others may be useful.

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