The temporal and spatial constraints of saccade planning to double-step target displacements

Shane Kelly, Weiwei Zhou, Sonia Bansal, Matthew S. Peterson, Wilsaan M. Joiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The double-step paradigm investigates the characteristics of planning and execution when the motor system must rapidly adjust for a new goal location. Studies have provided detailed temporal information based on the duration available for the motor system to prepare a new movement trajectory (here referred to as re-preparation time). However, previous work has largely examined single displacement sizes, limiting the spatiotemporal understanding of movement planning and execution. The lack of a description of this behavioral timecourse across increasing displacement sizes is true for saccades, rapid eye movements that redirect the fovea. Furthermore, during the double-step paradigm, the primary saccade often fails to accurately foveate the final target location and a secondary saccade brings the target onto the fovea. However, it is also unknown how this compensation is concurrently modified with the exposure duration and displacement of the movement goal. Here, we examined the amount of time required to change the initial saccade direction to a new target location for relatively small (20°, 30°, and 40°) and large (60° and 90°) target spatial separations. Interestingly, we found a clear relationship between the saccade direction and the amount of time allowed to redirect the movement; across separations, intermediate saccades occurred when approximately 60–140 ms was available to readjust the movement plan. Additionally, there was a consistent relationship between the timing of the secondary saccade and the re-preparation time across jump sizes, suggesting that concurrent movement correction planning was dependent on the amount of exposure to the final movement goal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalVision Research
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Double-step
  • Goal
  • Planning
  • Saccade
  • Spatiotemporal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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