The src inhibitor AZD0530 blocks invasion and may act as a radiosensitizer in lung cancer cells

Phillip R. Purnell, Philip Mack, Clifford G Tepper, Christopher P Evans, Tim P. Green, Paul H. Gumerlock, Primo N Lara, David R Gandara, Hsing-Jien Kung, Oliver Gautschi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

With the emergence of Src inhibitors in clinical trials, improved knowledge of the molecular responses of cancer cells to these agents is warranted. This will facilitate the development of tests to identify patients who may benefit from these agents, allow drug activity to be monitored and rationalize the combination of these agents with other treatment modalities. Methods: This study evaluated the molecular and functional effects of Src inhibitor AZD0530 in human lung cancer cells, by Western blotting and reverse transcription- polymerase chain reaction, and by assays for cell viability, migration, and invasion. Results: Src was activated in four of five cell lines tested and the level corresponded with the invasive potential and the histologic subtype. Clinically relevant, submicromolar concentrations of AZD0530 blocked Src and focal adhesion kinase, resulting in significant inhibition of cell migration and Matrigel invasion. Reactivation of STAT3 and up-regulation of JAK indicated a potential mechanism of resistance. AZD0530 gave a potent and sustained blockage of AKT and enhanced the sensitivity to irradiation. Conclusions: The results indicated that AZD0530, aside from being a potent inhibitor of tumor cell invasion which could translate to inhibition of disease progression in the clinic, may also lower resistance of lung cancer cells to pro-apoptotic signals. copy; 2009 by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-454
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic Oncology
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009

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Keywords

  • Invasion
  • Lung cancer
  • Metastasis
  • Protein kinase B
  • Signal transducer and activator of transcription
  • Src

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Medicine(all)

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