The source and action of head factors regulating juvenile hormone esterase in larvae of the cabbage looper, Trichoplusia ni

Grace Jones, Keith D. Wing, Davy Jones, Bruce D. Hammock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain (median or lateral regions) or suboesophageal ganglion (SOG) homogenates of Day 1 fifth instar larvae of Trichoplusia ni induced the appearance of haemolymph juvenile hormone esterase (JHE) when injected into Day 1, Day 2 or early Day 4 fifth instar ligated hosts. Brain and SOG homogenates of late fourth instars also induced JHE when injected into Day 1 hosts, whole late fifth instar and pupal tissue did not. The pattern of JHE induction by early fourth through Day 3 fifth instar brain and SOG homogenates correlated with natural haemolymph JHE activity occurring at these times. Implantation of late fourth and Day 1 fifth instar brains and/or SOG into similar age hosts similarly induced JHE activity while prothoracic and abdominal ganglia did not. The relative levels of induction following implantation were SOG<brain<brain+SOG. JHE activity which appears in the haemolymph following injection of brain homogenates appears to be largely due to a single enzyme which has an isoelectric point indistinguishable from that of the natural haemolymph enzyme. Evidence is presented which suggests that inhibitory as well as stimulatory brain factors are involved in JHE regulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Insect Physiology
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

Keywords

  • juvenile hormone
  • juvenile hormone esterase
  • juvenile hormone regulation
  • neurohormone
  • Noctuidae
  • Trichoplusia ni

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Physiology

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