The Sociocultural Context of Caregiving Experiences for Vietnamese Dementia Family Caregivers

Oanh Meyer, Kim Hanh Nguyen, To Nhu Dao, Phuoc Vu, Patricia Arean, W Ladson Hinton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The goal of this qualitative study was to describe the beliefs and experiences of Vietnamese caregivers caring for a family member with dementia and to elicit their ideas about promising interventions. We recruited 10 caregivers from support groups, the Alzheimer's Association, and local community-based organizations in Northern California. We conducted semistructured in-depth interviews with all caregivers, as well as a focus group to obtain ideas about supportive strategies. Several themes emerged from the data: (a) Filial piety was influential in caregiving; (b) A sense of loss/grief or trauma was pervasive; and (c) Caregivers had clear sources of stress and sources of support. An overarching theme underlying these 3 topics was that cultural beliefs, values, and expectations impacted the caregiving experience. Suggestions for promising interventions included education, language-congruent and/or telephone support groups, case management, inclusion of the care recipient in the intervention, and importance of credibility of the intervention. It also may be valuable to include an understanding of cultural values and promotion of spirituality and religion as key components. Findings highlight targets for dementia caregiver interventions to reduce burden and distress in an understudied population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-272
Number of pages10
JournalAsian American Journal of Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Acculturation
  • caregiver burden
  • dementia caregiving
  • family conflict
  • Vietnamese

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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