The role of pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphofructo-1-kinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland during the starved to re-fed transition

Kevork Hagopian, Michael R. Munday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Re-feeding 24-h-starved lactating rats resulted in a rapid (within 0.5 h) restoration of glucose uptake by the mammary gland and a slower (within 3 h) restoration of fatty acid synthesis. The rapid reactivation of glucose uptake (82% of fed value within 0.5 h of re-feeding) correlated with a rapid reactivation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (6-PF-1-K) and glycolysis (as determined by a 97% decrease in the [fructose-6-phosphate]/[fructose-1,6-bisphosphate] ratio). This could not be fully explained by a fall (29%) in the tissue concentration of its allosteric inhibitor, citrate. The delayed reactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) correlated very closely with the delayed reactivation of fatty acid synthesis and explained the continued output of pyruvate and lactate within the first 0.5 h of re-feeding. PDH reactivation preceded the reactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which did not occur significantly until 1.5 h of re-feeding. ACC reactivation correlated with a decrease in the tissue concentration of citrate and a second late phase of 6-PF-1-K activation. It is clear that the important regulatory steps 6-PF-1-K, PDH and ACC, are reactivated asynchronously in the lactating mammary gland in response to re-feeding starved rats and that PDH is more important than ACC in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)474-484
Number of pages11
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volume1336
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 20 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase
Human Mammary Glands
Pyruvic Acid
Rats
Oxidoreductases
Fatty Acids
Citric Acid
Restoration
Phosphofructokinase-1
Tissue
Glucose
Glycolysis
Lactic Acid
Chemical activation
1-phosphofructokinase

Keywords

  • 6-Phosphofructo-1-kinase
  • Acetyl-CoA carboxylase
  • Fatty acid synthesis
  • Glucose
  • Lactating mammary gland
  • Pyruvate dehydrogenase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "The role of pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphofructo-1-kinase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis in the lactating rat mammary gland during the starved to re-fed transition",
abstract = "Re-feeding 24-h-starved lactating rats resulted in a rapid (within 0.5 h) restoration of glucose uptake by the mammary gland and a slower (within 3 h) restoration of fatty acid synthesis. The rapid reactivation of glucose uptake (82{\%} of fed value within 0.5 h of re-feeding) correlated with a rapid reactivation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (6-PF-1-K) and glycolysis (as determined by a 97{\%} decrease in the [fructose-6-phosphate]/[fructose-1,6-bisphosphate] ratio). This could not be fully explained by a fall (29{\%}) in the tissue concentration of its allosteric inhibitor, citrate. The delayed reactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) correlated very closely with the delayed reactivation of fatty acid synthesis and explained the continued output of pyruvate and lactate within the first 0.5 h of re-feeding. PDH reactivation preceded the reactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which did not occur significantly until 1.5 h of re-feeding. ACC reactivation correlated with a decrease in the tissue concentration of citrate and a second late phase of 6-PF-1-K activation. It is clear that the important regulatory steps 6-PF-1-K, PDH and ACC, are reactivated asynchronously in the lactating mammary gland in response to re-feeding starved rats and that PDH is more important than ACC in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis.",
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N2 - Re-feeding 24-h-starved lactating rats resulted in a rapid (within 0.5 h) restoration of glucose uptake by the mammary gland and a slower (within 3 h) restoration of fatty acid synthesis. The rapid reactivation of glucose uptake (82% of fed value within 0.5 h of re-feeding) correlated with a rapid reactivation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (6-PF-1-K) and glycolysis (as determined by a 97% decrease in the [fructose-6-phosphate]/[fructose-1,6-bisphosphate] ratio). This could not be fully explained by a fall (29%) in the tissue concentration of its allosteric inhibitor, citrate. The delayed reactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) correlated very closely with the delayed reactivation of fatty acid synthesis and explained the continued output of pyruvate and lactate within the first 0.5 h of re-feeding. PDH reactivation preceded the reactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which did not occur significantly until 1.5 h of re-feeding. ACC reactivation correlated with a decrease in the tissue concentration of citrate and a second late phase of 6-PF-1-K activation. It is clear that the important regulatory steps 6-PF-1-K, PDH and ACC, are reactivated asynchronously in the lactating mammary gland in response to re-feeding starved rats and that PDH is more important than ACC in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis.

AB - Re-feeding 24-h-starved lactating rats resulted in a rapid (within 0.5 h) restoration of glucose uptake by the mammary gland and a slower (within 3 h) restoration of fatty acid synthesis. The rapid reactivation of glucose uptake (82% of fed value within 0.5 h of re-feeding) correlated with a rapid reactivation of 6-phosphofructo-1-kinase (6-PF-1-K) and glycolysis (as determined by a 97% decrease in the [fructose-6-phosphate]/[fructose-1,6-bisphosphate] ratio). This could not be fully explained by a fall (29%) in the tissue concentration of its allosteric inhibitor, citrate. The delayed reactivation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) correlated very closely with the delayed reactivation of fatty acid synthesis and explained the continued output of pyruvate and lactate within the first 0.5 h of re-feeding. PDH reactivation preceded the reactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which did not occur significantly until 1.5 h of re-feeding. ACC reactivation correlated with a decrease in the tissue concentration of citrate and a second late phase of 6-PF-1-K activation. It is clear that the important regulatory steps 6-PF-1-K, PDH and ACC, are reactivated asynchronously in the lactating mammary gland in response to re-feeding starved rats and that PDH is more important than ACC in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis.

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