The role of point-of-care testing in complex emergency and disaster resilience

Gerald J Kost, Corbin M. Curtis, William J. Ferguson, Richard F. Louie, Chloe S. Tang, John H. Vy, Nam Tran, Partheep Katip

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Resilience through use of point-of-care (POC) testing in small-world networks will change the future landscape by bringing evidence-based decision-making to sites of need globally. Point-of-care (POC) testing is performed at or near the site of care to accelerate decision-making. This chapter provides value propositions that show new POC technologies can be assimilated into challenging locations when infrastructure is compromised, and for preparedness, proposes developing professional competence and team experience in the context of existing small-world networks facilitated by geographic information systems. Environmental limitations demand that POC devices and test kits adhere to manufacture temperature and humidity specifications, which may not be robust enough for the hot, cold, and humid conditions encountered in field operations. Indeed, the effects of environmental stresses can no longer be ignored. Hence, there must be strategic alternatives for placement of POC testing in alternate care facilities. Overall, POC testing promises to transform crisis standards of care by bringing enhanced evidence-based diagnosis and treatment to victims most in need and by accelerating screening and triage critical to effective emergency and disaster care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNatural Disasters: Prevention, Risk Factors and Management
PublisherNova Science Publishers, Inc.
Pages73-110
Number of pages38
ISBN (Print)9781622576760
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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    Kost, G. J., Curtis, C. M., Ferguson, W. J., Louie, R. F., Tang, C. S., Vy, J. H., Tran, N., & Katip, P. (2013). The role of point-of-care testing in complex emergency and disaster resilience. In Natural Disasters: Prevention, Risk Factors and Management (pp. 73-110). Nova Science Publishers, Inc..