Minimally invasive lymphadenectomy can be achieved without compromising surgical oncologic principles. Laparoscopy provides minimally invasive options in the assessment of intraabdominal metastatic disease and should have an emerging role in the staging of veterinary cancer patients. Experimental studies have documented the feasibility of this technique. Early work suggests that emerging techniques of preoperative and intraoperative lymphography for sentinel lymph node mapping in combination with laparoscopic lymph node biopsy have the potential to improve diagnosis and therapeutic recommendations in veterinary patients.
- Lymph node
- Near-infrared fluorescent imaging
- Sentinel lymph node
ASJC Scopus subject areas