The role of episodic and semantic memory in the development of trait self-knowledge

Stanley B. Klein, Jeffrey Sherman, Judith Loftus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research by Klein and Loftus (e.g., Klein & Loftus, 1993a, 1993c) has suggested that the development of trait self-knowledge follows a particular sequence. When people have performed relatively few trait-relevant behaviors, their trait knowledge is represented episodically; but as their trait-relevant behaviors increase, they begin to abstract trait knowledge from behavioral episodes and represent it in semantic form. The present research updates this model by showing that even when trait-relevant experience is low, semantic knowledge of one's traits is available and it can serve as the basis for trait self-judgments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-291
Number of pages65
JournalSocial Cognition
Volume14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

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Episodic Memory
Semantics
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The role of episodic and semantic memory in the development of trait self-knowledge. / Klein, Stanley B.; Sherman, Jeffrey; Loftus, Judith.

In: Social Cognition, Vol. 14, No. 4, 01.12.1996, p. 227-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Klein, Stanley B. ; Sherman, Jeffrey ; Loftus, Judith. / The role of episodic and semantic memory in the development of trait self-knowledge. In: Social Cognition. 1996 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 227-291.
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