The role of episodic and semantic memory in the development of trait self-knowledge

Stanley B. Klein, Jeffrey Sherman, Judith Loftus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations


Research by Klein and Loftus (e.g., Klein & Loftus, 1993a, 1993c) has suggested that the development of trait self-knowledge follows a particular sequence. When people have performed relatively few trait-relevant behaviors, their trait knowledge is represented episodically; but as their trait-relevant behaviors increase, they begin to abstract trait knowledge from behavioral episodes and represent it in semantic form. The present research updates this model by showing that even when trait-relevant experience is low, semantic knowledge of one's traits is available and it can serve as the basis for trait self-judgments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-291
Number of pages65
JournalSocial Cognition
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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