The Role of Epicardial Echocardiography in the Measurement of Transvalvular Flow Velocities During Aortic Valve Replacement

Ravi Taneja, Bert Quaghebeur, Larry W. Stitt, Mackenzie A. Quantz, Lin R. Guo, Bob Kiaii, Daniel T. Bainbridge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare transvalvular flow velocities obtained by transesophageal echocardiography and epicardial echocardiography (EE) during aortic valve replacement (AVR). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: University hospital. Participants: Patients undergoing AVR for aortic stenosis. Interventions: After institutional review board approval, 17 patients undergoing AVR consented. Deep transgastric (deep TG LAX) and transgastric long-axis (TG LAX) views and epicardial aortic valve long-axis views (S8 probe) were obtained on a SONOS 5500 (Phillips Medical Systems, Bothell, WA) before and after AVR. Transvalvular flow velocity and velocity time integral (VTI) were recorded via each technique. Measurements were made offline by 2 independent reviewers. Agreement between measurements made by different views was evaluated by using Bland-Altman analysis. Measurements and Main Results: The epicardial probe was well tolerated. Quality images were obtained in all patients with TEE and 30 of 34 studies via epicardial scanning. The mean bias for peak velocities derived through EE and deep TG LAX was 96.3 cm/s (95% confidence interval [CI], 51.1-141.4) before AVR and 58 cm/s (95% CI, 32.4-83.7) after AVR. The mean bias for peak velocities between EE and TG LAX was 70 cm/s (95% CI, 31.1-108.9) before and 84.7 cm/s (95% CI, 55.6-113.7) after AVR. Similar results were obtained for VTI. Conclusions: Peak transaortic valve velocities and VTI measured with epicardial echocardiography are higher in comparison to measurements via TEE in patients undergoing AVR. The precise role of epicardial echocardiography in the comprehensive echocardiographic examination of patients undergoing aortic valve replacement needs further evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)292-297
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • aortic valve
  • echocardiography
  • epicardial
  • transesophageal
  • transvalvular velocities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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