The role of emotion and emotion regulation in social anxiety disorder

Hooria Jazaieri, Amanda S. Morrison, Philip R Goldin, James J. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many psychiatric disorders involve problematic patterns of emotional reactivity and regulation. In this review, we consider recent findings regarding emotion and emotion regulation in the context of social anxiety disorder (SAD). We first describe key features of SAD which suggest altered emotional and self-related processing difficulties. Next, we lay the conceptual foundation for a discussion of emotion and emotion regulation and present a common framework for understanding emotion regulation, the process model of emotion regulation. Using the process model, we evaluate the recent empirical literature spanning self-report, observational, behavioral, and physiological methods across five specific families of emotion regulation processes—situation selection, situation modification, attentional deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation. Next, we examine the empirical evidence behind two psychosocial interventions for SAD: cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR). Throughout, we present suggestions for future directions in the continued examination of emotion and emotion regulation in SAD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Emotion
  • Emotion dysregulation
  • Emotion regulation
  • Process model
  • Social anxiety disorder (SAD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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