The removal of moisture and antibiotic resistance genes in dairy manure by microwave treatment

Tao Luo, Yi Wang, Pramod Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


To characterize the drying of dairy manure during microwave (MW) heating, and to determine the impacts of microwave radiation on reductions of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), this study investigated on understanding the effects of microwave heating on solid streams of flushed dairy manure. A series of experiments were performed to determine the rate of drying, moisture removal percentages, change in solids, and the level of ARGs. Manure was exposed to microwave radiation for 30–300 s at a frequency of 2450 MHz. The results showed moisture removal rate (U) up to 0.63-g water per minute per gram of dairy manure. During MW treatment, volatile solid (VS) content was relatively stable. The MW treatment resulted in reduction of ARGs such as sulII, intI1, and tnpA. The ARG concentrations (sulII, intI1, and tnpA) were reduced by 2 orders of magnitude in less than 1 min of microwave heating. The preliminary results of this study showed that MW treatment can be a viable option for drying of dairy manure and reducing ARGs in manure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
StateAccepted/In press - 2020


  • Antibiotic resistance genes
  • Drying kinetics
  • Energy consumptions
  • Microwave drying
  • Moisture removal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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