The relationship between exposure to dementia-related aggressive behavior and occupational stress among Japanese care workers

Hiromi Hirata, Theresa A Harvath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


Aggressive behaviors (ABs) related to dementia in older adults have been associated with increased occupational stress among care workers (CWs) in the United States and other Western countries, and they may contribute to staff turnover. However, few studies related to this issue have been conducted in Japan. The current cross-sectional study examined (a) the relationship between CW frequency of exposure to dementia-related ABs and CW occupational stress (i.e., job burnout, job satisfaction, and intention to resign), and (b) mediator effects between frequency of exposure to dementiarelated ABs and CW occupational stress. A total of 137 CWs in dementia special care units from 10 nursing homes in Japan were recruited as study participants. Major findings indicate that the relationship between exposure to ABs and work outcomes was fully mediated by the appraisal of stress. Findings from this study may be used to develop culturally relevant training and educational interventions targeted at reducing ABs in individuals with dementia and occupational stress from exposure to ABs among CWs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-46
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gerontological Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2015


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Medicine(all)

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