The recombination hotspot χ is a regulatory sequence that acts by attenuating the nuclease activity of the E. coli RecBCD enzyme

Dan A. Dixon, Stephen C. Kowalczykowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

176 Scopus citations

Abstract

The RecBCD enzyme is a multifunctional enzyme that is essential for homologous recombination in E. coli. In vitro, the RecBCD enzyme degrades linear double-stranded DNA nonspecifically during the process of unwinding the double-stranded DNA. Here we demonstrate that this DNA degradation is asymmetric, with the strand that is 3′ terminal at the entry site of RecBCD enzyme being degraded much more vigorously than the 5′ terminal strand. Furthermore, interaction with the recombination hotspot χ causes an attenuation of the nuclease activity but not of the hellcase activity and is accompanied by a pause of RecBCD enzyme at the χ site. These results demonstrate that χ is a unique regulatory element that acts by controlling the degradative function of RecBCD enzyme and, thereby, enhancing its recombination function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-96
Number of pages10
JournalCell
Volume73
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The recombination hotspot χ is a regulatory sequence that acts by attenuating the nuclease activity of the E. coli RecBCD enzyme'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this