The Rbm38-p63 feedback loop is critical for tumor suppression and longevity

Yuqian Jiang, Enshun Xu, Jin Zhang, Mingyi Chen, Elsa Flores, Xinbin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The RNA-binding protein Rbm38 is a target of p63 tumor suppressor and can in-turn repress p63 expression via mRNA stability. Thus, Rbm38 and p63 form a negative feedback loop. To investigate the biological significance of the Rbm38-p63 loop in vivo, a cohort of WT, Rbm38−/ , TAp63+/−, and Rbm38−/−;TAp63+/− mice were generated and monitored throughout their lifespan. While mice deficient in Rbm38 or TAp63 alone died mostly from spontaneous tumors, compound Rbm38−/−;TAp63+/− mice had an extended lifespan along with reduced tumor incidence. We also found that loss-of-Rbm38 markedly decreased the percentage of liver steatosis in TAp63+/− mice. Moreover, we found that Rbm38 deficiency extends the lifespan of tumor-free TAp63+/− mice along with reduced expression of senescence-associated biomarkers. Consistent with this, Rbm38−/−;TAp63+/− MEFs were resistant, whereas Rbm38−/− or TAp63+/− MEFs were prone, to cellular senescence. Importantly, we showed that the levels of inflammatory cytokines (IL17D and Tnfsf15) were significantly reduced by Rbm38 deficiency in senescence-resistant Rbm38−/−;TAp63+/− mouse livers and MEFs. Together, our data suggest that Rbm38 and p63 function as intergenic suppressors in aging and tumorigenesis and that the Rbm38-p63 loop may be explored for enhancing longevity and cancer management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalOncogene
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 9 2018

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Neoplasms
RNA-Binding Proteins
Cell Aging
RNA Stability
Fatty Liver
Carcinogenesis
Biomarkers
Cytokines
Liver
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

The Rbm38-p63 feedback loop is critical for tumor suppression and longevity. / Jiang, Yuqian; Xu, Enshun; Zhang, Jin; Chen, Mingyi; Flores, Elsa; Chen, Xinbin.

In: Oncogene, 09.03.2018, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiang, Yuqian ; Xu, Enshun ; Zhang, Jin ; Chen, Mingyi ; Flores, Elsa ; Chen, Xinbin. / The Rbm38-p63 feedback loop is critical for tumor suppression and longevity. In: Oncogene. 2018 ; pp. 1-10.
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