The prevalence of ocular signs in acne rosacea

Comparing patients from ophthalmology and dermatology clinics

Vinicius Coral Ghanem, Neal Mehra, Serena Wong, Mark J Mannis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. To describe and compare the ocular signs in patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by the ophthalmologist with the ocular signs in the patients diagnosed with rosacea by the dermatologist. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 176 randomly selected patients diagnosed with rosacea at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center: 88 patients each from the Department of Dermatology and the Department of Ophthalmology. Of the 88 patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by a dermatologist, 22 (25%) had an ophthalmologic evaluation done prior to the study. In those patients without an ophthalmologic assessment, ocular complaints noted by the dermatologist were recorded. We recorded ocular signs including lid, conjunctival, corneal, episcleral, and scleral manifestations as well as charted observations of the iris, lens, intraocular pressures (IOPs), best corrected visual acuity (VA), and funduscopic examination. Age and sex were recorded from the initial ophthalmologic evaluation. The analysis was designed to compare the prevalence of signs and symptoms in two clinical settings. Results. The prevalence of documented meibomian gland dysfunction (p < 0.001), telangiectasia (p = 0.004), and anterior blepharitis (p = 0.008) was significantly higher in ophthalmology patients when compared with dermatology patients. Of the conjunctival signs evaluated, only the presence of interpalpebral conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.005) was found to be significantly higher in ophthalmology patients. The corneal, episcleral, scleral, and lens findings did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusion. The major and most easily observable ocular problems in rosacea patients presenting either to ophthalmology or dermatology are lid disease-related manifestations. As might be expected, eye signs and symptoms are more commonly noted in the eye clinic. A clinician's increased awareness of the common ocular findings of rosacea, however, may aid in earlier diagnosis and treatment of ocular rosacea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-233
Number of pages4
JournalCornea
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2003

Fingerprint

Rosacea
Ophthalmology
Dermatology
Lenses
Signs and Symptoms
Blepharitis
Meibomian Glands
Telangiectasis
Hyperemia
Iris
Intraocular Pressure
Visual Acuity
Medical Records
Early Diagnosis

Keywords

  • Acne rosacea
  • Early diagnosis
  • Ocular signs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

The prevalence of ocular signs in acne rosacea : Comparing patients from ophthalmology and dermatology clinics. / Ghanem, Vinicius Coral; Mehra, Neal; Wong, Serena; Mannis, Mark J.

In: Cornea, Vol. 22, No. 3, 04.2003, p. 230-233.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ghanem, Vinicius Coral ; Mehra, Neal ; Wong, Serena ; Mannis, Mark J. / The prevalence of ocular signs in acne rosacea : Comparing patients from ophthalmology and dermatology clinics. In: Cornea. 2003 ; Vol. 22, No. 3. pp. 230-233.
@article{c140b781c0754536a8db49cbfa8d00f0,
title = "The prevalence of ocular signs in acne rosacea: Comparing patients from ophthalmology and dermatology clinics",
abstract = "Purpose. To describe and compare the ocular signs in patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by the ophthalmologist with the ocular signs in the patients diagnosed with rosacea by the dermatologist. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 176 randomly selected patients diagnosed with rosacea at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center: 88 patients each from the Department of Dermatology and the Department of Ophthalmology. Of the 88 patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by a dermatologist, 22 (25{\%}) had an ophthalmologic evaluation done prior to the study. In those patients without an ophthalmologic assessment, ocular complaints noted by the dermatologist were recorded. We recorded ocular signs including lid, conjunctival, corneal, episcleral, and scleral manifestations as well as charted observations of the iris, lens, intraocular pressures (IOPs), best corrected visual acuity (VA), and funduscopic examination. Age and sex were recorded from the initial ophthalmologic evaluation. The analysis was designed to compare the prevalence of signs and symptoms in two clinical settings. Results. The prevalence of documented meibomian gland dysfunction (p < 0.001), telangiectasia (p = 0.004), and anterior blepharitis (p = 0.008) was significantly higher in ophthalmology patients when compared with dermatology patients. Of the conjunctival signs evaluated, only the presence of interpalpebral conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.005) was found to be significantly higher in ophthalmology patients. The corneal, episcleral, scleral, and lens findings did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusion. The major and most easily observable ocular problems in rosacea patients presenting either to ophthalmology or dermatology are lid disease-related manifestations. As might be expected, eye signs and symptoms are more commonly noted in the eye clinic. A clinician's increased awareness of the common ocular findings of rosacea, however, may aid in earlier diagnosis and treatment of ocular rosacea.",
keywords = "Acne rosacea, Early diagnosis, Ocular signs",
author = "Ghanem, {Vinicius Coral} and Neal Mehra and Serena Wong and Mannis, {Mark J}",
year = "2003",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1097/00003226-200304000-00009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "22",
pages = "230--233",
journal = "Cornea",
issn = "0277-3740",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The prevalence of ocular signs in acne rosacea

T2 - Comparing patients from ophthalmology and dermatology clinics

AU - Ghanem, Vinicius Coral

AU - Mehra, Neal

AU - Wong, Serena

AU - Mannis, Mark J

PY - 2003/4

Y1 - 2003/4

N2 - Purpose. To describe and compare the ocular signs in patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by the ophthalmologist with the ocular signs in the patients diagnosed with rosacea by the dermatologist. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 176 randomly selected patients diagnosed with rosacea at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center: 88 patients each from the Department of Dermatology and the Department of Ophthalmology. Of the 88 patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by a dermatologist, 22 (25%) had an ophthalmologic evaluation done prior to the study. In those patients without an ophthalmologic assessment, ocular complaints noted by the dermatologist were recorded. We recorded ocular signs including lid, conjunctival, corneal, episcleral, and scleral manifestations as well as charted observations of the iris, lens, intraocular pressures (IOPs), best corrected visual acuity (VA), and funduscopic examination. Age and sex were recorded from the initial ophthalmologic evaluation. The analysis was designed to compare the prevalence of signs and symptoms in two clinical settings. Results. The prevalence of documented meibomian gland dysfunction (p < 0.001), telangiectasia (p = 0.004), and anterior blepharitis (p = 0.008) was significantly higher in ophthalmology patients when compared with dermatology patients. Of the conjunctival signs evaluated, only the presence of interpalpebral conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.005) was found to be significantly higher in ophthalmology patients. The corneal, episcleral, scleral, and lens findings did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusion. The major and most easily observable ocular problems in rosacea patients presenting either to ophthalmology or dermatology are lid disease-related manifestations. As might be expected, eye signs and symptoms are more commonly noted in the eye clinic. A clinician's increased awareness of the common ocular findings of rosacea, however, may aid in earlier diagnosis and treatment of ocular rosacea.

AB - Purpose. To describe and compare the ocular signs in patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by the ophthalmologist with the ocular signs in the patients diagnosed with rosacea by the dermatologist. Methods. We reviewed the medical records of 176 randomly selected patients diagnosed with rosacea at the University of California, Davis, Medical Center: 88 patients each from the Department of Dermatology and the Department of Ophthalmology. Of the 88 patients diagnosed with acne rosacea by a dermatologist, 22 (25%) had an ophthalmologic evaluation done prior to the study. In those patients without an ophthalmologic assessment, ocular complaints noted by the dermatologist were recorded. We recorded ocular signs including lid, conjunctival, corneal, episcleral, and scleral manifestations as well as charted observations of the iris, lens, intraocular pressures (IOPs), best corrected visual acuity (VA), and funduscopic examination. Age and sex were recorded from the initial ophthalmologic evaluation. The analysis was designed to compare the prevalence of signs and symptoms in two clinical settings. Results. The prevalence of documented meibomian gland dysfunction (p < 0.001), telangiectasia (p = 0.004), and anterior blepharitis (p = 0.008) was significantly higher in ophthalmology patients when compared with dermatology patients. Of the conjunctival signs evaluated, only the presence of interpalpebral conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.005) was found to be significantly higher in ophthalmology patients. The corneal, episcleral, scleral, and lens findings did not demonstrate a statistically significant difference between groups. Conclusion. The major and most easily observable ocular problems in rosacea patients presenting either to ophthalmology or dermatology are lid disease-related manifestations. As might be expected, eye signs and symptoms are more commonly noted in the eye clinic. A clinician's increased awareness of the common ocular findings of rosacea, however, may aid in earlier diagnosis and treatment of ocular rosacea.

KW - Acne rosacea

KW - Early diagnosis

KW - Ocular signs

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037379496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037379496&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00003226-200304000-00009

DO - 10.1097/00003226-200304000-00009

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 230

EP - 233

JO - Cornea

JF - Cornea

SN - 0277-3740

IS - 3

ER -