The prevalence of domestic violence in volunteers for abortion and contraceptive research studies

Sofia Kazi, Matthew F. Reeves, Mitchell D Creinin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of domestic violence (DV) in research subjects has not been evaluated. In the general population, about 25% of women report DV. We hypothesize that participants in research studies would report similar rates of abuse to women in the general population and that subjects in abortion studies would report higher rates of abuse than women in other gynecologic studies. Study design: We included a modified abuse assessment questionnaire as a routine section of the medical history obtained for 256 women who were enrolling in abortion, contraceptive and other gynecologic research studies. Rates of reported recent or lifetime abuse, defined as physical or sexual violence, were compared for women in each study group by χ2 analysis and Fisher's Exact Tests. A multivariable analysis with stepwise logistic regression was used to compare study groups. Results: The overall rate of ever-experience DV was 18% for the study population. Lifetime rates of DV were 17%, 15% and 30% in women enrolling in abortion, contraceptive and other gynecologic research studies, respectively (p=.17). Abuse within the last 2 months was reported by 1%, 0% and 0% of women, respectively (p=.50). After controlling for age, race, ethnicity, gravity, parity and marital status, the rates of violence did not vary between study groups. Conclusion: We found the rates of DV in women who volunteer for research studies are similar to those reported for women in the general population. Subjects in abortion research studies do not report DV more frequently than women in contraceptive or other gynecologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-83
Number of pages5
JournalContraception
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Domestic Violence
Contraceptive Agents
Volunteers
Research
Population
Research Subjects
Sex Offenses
Marital Status
Gravitation
Parity
Violence
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • Abortion
  • Abuse
  • Clinical trials
  • Domestic violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The prevalence of domestic violence in volunteers for abortion and contraceptive research studies. / Kazi, Sofia; Reeves, Matthew F.; Creinin, Mitchell D.

In: Contraception, Vol. 78, No. 1, 07.2008, p. 79-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: The prevalence of domestic violence (DV) in research subjects has not been evaluated. In the general population, about 25{\%} of women report DV. We hypothesize that participants in research studies would report similar rates of abuse to women in the general population and that subjects in abortion studies would report higher rates of abuse than women in other gynecologic studies. Study design: We included a modified abuse assessment questionnaire as a routine section of the medical history obtained for 256 women who were enrolling in abortion, contraceptive and other gynecologic research studies. Rates of reported recent or lifetime abuse, defined as physical or sexual violence, were compared for women in each study group by χ2 analysis and Fisher's Exact Tests. A multivariable analysis with stepwise logistic regression was used to compare study groups. Results: The overall rate of ever-experience DV was 18{\%} for the study population. Lifetime rates of DV were 17{\%}, 15{\%} and 30{\%} in women enrolling in abortion, contraceptive and other gynecologic research studies, respectively (p=.17). Abuse within the last 2 months was reported by 1{\%}, 0{\%} and 0{\%} of women, respectively (p=.50). After controlling for age, race, ethnicity, gravity, parity and marital status, the rates of violence did not vary between study groups. Conclusion: We found the rates of DV in women who volunteer for research studies are similar to those reported for women in the general population. Subjects in abortion research studies do not report DV more frequently than women in contraceptive or other gynecologic studies.",
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