The mammalian proprotein convertases (PCs) are a family of secretory pathway enzymes that catalyze the endoproteolytic maturation of peptide hormones and many bioactive proteins. Two PCs, furin and PC6B, are broadly expressed and share very similar cleavage site specificities, suggesting that they may be functionally redundant. However, germline knockout studies show that they are not. Here we report the distinct subcellular localization of PC6B and identify the sorting information within its cytoplasmic domain (cd). We show that in neuroendocrine cells, PC6B is localized to a paranuclear, brefeldin A-dispersible, BaCl2-responsive post-Golgi network (TGN) compartment distinct from furin and TGN38. The 88-amino acid PC6B-cd contains sorting information sufficient to direct reporter proteins to the same compartment as full-length PC6B. Mutational analysis indicates that endocytosis is predominantly directed by a canonical tyrosine-based motif (Tyr1802GluLysLeu). Truncation and sufficiency studies reveal that two clusters of acidic amino acids (ACs) within the PC6B-cd contain differential sorting information. The membrane-proximal AC (AC1) directs TGN localization and interacts with the TGN sorting protein PACS-1. The membrane-distal AC (AC2) promotes a localization characteristic of the full-length PC6B-cd. Our results demonstrate that AC motifs can target proteins to distinct TGN/endosomal compartments and indicate that the AC-mediated localization of PC6B and furin contribute to their distinct roles in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||17|
|Journal||Molecular Biology of the Cell|
|State||Published - Apr 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology