The otolaryngologist's role in management of hearing loss in infancy and childhood

Karen Jo Doyle, R. Mark Ray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article reviews the role of the otolaryngologist - head and neck surgeon - in the diagnosis and treatment of hearing loss in infants and young children. The otolaryngologist is well-versed in the anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology of the auditory system, as well as the craniofacial syndromes that can involve the head and neck in combination with deafness. In this paper, the various causes of congenital hearing loss are described, as well as the steps required for proper diagnosis. Finally, surgeries used by otolaryngologists to treat childhood hearing loss, their indications, and outcomes, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalMental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Auditory brainstem response
  • Congenital hearing loss
  • Nonsyndromic hearing loss
  • Otoacoustic emissions
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Syndromic hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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