Bases neurales de las emociones negativas: Reevaluación y supresión de las emociones negativas

Translated title of the contribution: The neural bases of negative emotions: Reappraisal and suppression of emotions

Philip R Goldin, Kateri McRae, Wiveka Ramel, James J. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Emotion regulation strategies are thought to differ in when and how they influence the emotion-generative process. However, no study to date has directly probed the neural bases of two contrasting (e.g., cognitive versus behavioral) emotion regulation strategies. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine cognitive reappraisal (a cognitive strategy thought to have its impact early in the emotion-generative process) and expressive suppression (a behavioral strategy thought to have its impact later in the emotion-generative process). METHODS: Seventeen women viewed 15 sec neutral and negative emotion-eliciting films under four conditions-watch- neutral, watchnegative, reappraisenegative, and suppress-negative-while providing emotion experience ratings and having their facial expressions videotaped. RESULTS: Reappraisal resulted in early (0-4.5 sec) prefrontal cortex (PFC) responses, decreased negative emotion experience, and decreased amygdala and insular responses. Suppression produced late (10.5-15 sec) PFC responses, decreased negative emotion behavior and experience, but increased amygdala and insular responses. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate the differential efficacy of reappraisal and suppression on emotional experience, facial behavior, and neural response and highlight intriguing differences in the temporal dynamics of these two emotion regulation strategies.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)70-83
Number of pages14
JournalPsiquiatria Biologica
Volume16
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Cognitive control
  • Emotion
  • Emotion regulation
  • fMRI
  • Insula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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