THE RECENTLY DESCRIBED multiple tumor suppressor 1/cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2 (MTS1/CDKN2) gene, encoding the cyclin-dependent kinase 4 inhibitor p16, is mutated in a wide variety of tumor cell lines, including gliomas. To investigate the possible role of this gene in the genesis of the central nervous system primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), four established PNET cell lines and 18 PNET surgical specimens were studied for deletions and mutations of the MTS1/CDKN2 gene. One of the four cell lines had homozygous deletion of the gene. No mutation in any of the three MTS1/CDKN2 exons was detected in the other three cell lines by single strand conformational polymorphism analysis. Eighteen surgical PNET specimens were studied for allelic and homozygous deletion at chromosome 9p21, the location of the MTS1/CDKN2 gene. No loss of heterozygosity was noted in 11 of the tumors, and no homozygous loss was noted in any tumor. Single strand conformational polymorphism analysis of the entire coding region of the MTS1/CDKN2 gene revealed no mutation within MTS1/CDKN2 in any tumor. Although deletion of MTS1/CDKN2 may occur in some PNET cell lines, neither deletion nor mutation of the gene is found in tumors before culture. The genesis of the human central nervous system PNET does not involve deletion or mutation of the MTS1/CDKN2 gene.
- Multiple tumor suppressor 1/cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2
- Primitive neuroectodermal tumor
- Tumor suppressor genes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology