The cytoarchitectonic organization of the posterior hypothalamus of the cynomolgus monkey (Macaca fascicularis) was analyzed in Nissl, Golgi, acetylcholinesterase, and reduced silver preparations. The region consists of a number of cell masses that differ considerably in their discreteness and in the homogeneity of their neuronal populations. The nuclei identified include: the medial mamillary nucleus (in which at least three distinct subdivisions can be recgonized - a pars medialis, a pars lateralis, and a pars basalis); the small-celled nucleus intercalatus; the large-celled lateral mamillary nucleus; a single premamillary nucleus; the tuberomamillary nucleus; the posterior hypothalamic nucleus; the caudal extension of the lateral hypothalamic area; the supramamillary area; and the paramamillary nucleus (which appears to correspond to the nucleus of the ansa lenticularis of other workers). As a basis for the subsequent experimental study of the efferent connections of the posterior hypothalamus, the location of each of these cell masses is described and illustrated in a series of low-power photomicrographs, as are the form and distribution of the resident neuronal populations of the various components of the mamillary complex as seen in Golgi preparations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||21|
|Journal||Journal of Comparative Neurology|
|State||Published - 1982|
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