The modulation of canine mesenchymal stem cells by nano-topographic cues

Joshua Wood, Irene Ly, Dori L Borjesson, Paul F. Nealey, Paul Russell, Christopher J Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a promising cellular therapeutic for the treatment of a variety of disorders. On transplantation, MSCs interact with diverse extracellular matrices (ECMs) that vary dramatically in topographic feature type, size and surface order. In order to investigate the impact of these topographic cues, surfaces were fabricated with either isotropically ordered holes or anisotropically ordered ridges and grooves. To simulate the biologically relevant nano through micron size scale, a series of topographically patterned substrates possessing features of differing pitch (pitch=feature width+groove width) were created. Results document that the surface order and size of substratum topographic features dramatically modulate fundamental MSC behaviors. Topographically patterned (ridge+groove) surfaces were found to significantly impact MSC alignment, elongation, and aspect ratio. Novel findings also demonstrate that submicron surfaces patterned with holes resulted in increased MSC alignment to adjacent cells as well as increased migration rates. Overall, this study demonstrates that the presentation of substratum topographic cues dramatically influence MSC behaviors in a size and shape dependent manner. The response of MSCs to substratum topographic cues was similar to other cell types that have been studied previously with regards to cell shape on ridge and groove surfaces but differed with respect to proliferation and migration. This is the first study to compare the impact of anisotropically ordered ridge and groove topographic cues to isotropically order holed topographic cues on fundamental MSC behaviors across a range of biologically relevant size scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2438-2445
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume318
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2012

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Keywords

  • Canine
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Migration
  • Nuclear alignment
  • Topography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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