The marrow cell continuum: Stochastic determinism

P. Quesenberry, Mehrdad Abedi, M. Dooner, G. Colvin, F. Martin Sanchez-Guijo, J. Aliotta, J. Pimentel, G. Dooner, D. Greer, D. Demers, P. Keaney, A. Peterson, L. Luo, B. Foster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Traditional models of hematopoiesis have been hierarchical in nature. Over the past 10 years, we have developed data indicating that hematopoiesis is regulated in a continuum with deterministic and stochastic components. We have shown that the most primitive stem cells, as represented by lineage negative rhodaminelow Hoechstlow murine marrow cells are continuously or intermittently cycling as determined by in vivo BrdU labeling. When marrow stem cells are induced to transit cell cycle by in vitro exposure to cytokines, either IL-3, IL-6, IL-11, and steel factor or thrombopoietin, FLT3 ligand, and steel factor, they progress through cycle in a highly synchronized fashion. We have determined that when the stem cells progress through a cytokine stimulated cell cycle the homing, engraftment, adhesion protein, global gene expression, and hematopoietic differentiation phenotypes all change in a reversible fashion. This has led to the continuum model, in which, with cycle transit, chromatin is continually changing altering open transcription areas and providing a continually changing landscape of transcriptional opportunity. More recently, we have extended the changing differentiation profiles to differentiation into lung cells and found that non-hematopoietic differentiation also shows cycle related reversibly modulation. These observations all together support a continuum model of stem cell regulation in which the phenotype of the marrow stem cells is continually and reversibly changing over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-190
Number of pages4
JournalFolia Histochemica et Cytobiologica
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Cell cycle
  • Continuum
  • Hierarchy
  • Progenitor
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cell Biology


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