The influence of diet on urinary stone disease

Farhad Parivar, Roger Low, Marshall L. Stoller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Conflicting data on the role of diet in the pathogenesis of nephrolithiasis prompted us to review the relevant literature regarding the impact of diet on urinary stone disease. Materials and Methods: MEDLINE searches were obtained from 1966 to date using a variety of key words, including urolithiasis, nephrolithiasis, diet, protein, carbohydrate, fat, calcium, oxalate, phosphate, magnesium, sulfate, citrate, sodium, potassium, fiber, fluids, alcohol and vitamins. References earlier than 1966 were obtained through bibliographies of these MEDLINE searches. The search included in vitro and in vivo animal and human studies. Results: Of the extracted articles 83% addressed the issue of nephrolithiasis and diet, and were included in this report. All articles were independently reviewed by each of us. The reviews were summarized and compiled according to each dietary component. Conclusions: Appropriate dietary manipulation may be beneficial in the prevention of recurrent urolithiasis in only a select group of patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)432-440
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume155
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1996

Keywords

  • diet
  • urinary calculi
  • urolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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