Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is characterised by a complex behavioural phenotype including anxiety, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and psychosis. In the current study, we aimed at improving our understanding of the heterogeneity of behavioural characteristics in a group of 129 young people (aged 4–22) with a confirmed 22q11.2 microdeletion and 116 age and gender matched typically developing controls. Half the participants with 22q11DS had behaviour characterised by emotion dysregulation. A cluster analyses, of the participants with 22q11DS, revealed four groups characterised by intact emotion regulation; predominantly internalizing problems; both internalizing and externalizing problems; and predominantly externalizing difficulties. Importantly, it was found that young people with 22q11DS whose emotion dysregulation was characterised by externalizing problems had the poorest levels of functioning. As our understanding of 22q11DS improves, it is becoming increasingly clear that we need a better understanding of how individual differences and psychosocial factors contribute to, and interact with one another, to result in the observable individual differences in the 22q11DS behavioural phenotype.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
- Emotion regulation
- Externalizing disorder
- Velo-cardio-facial syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology