The Impact of Medical Comorbidities on Patient Satisfaction in Chronic Rhinosinusitis

Amarbir S. Gill, Joshua Hwang, Angela M. Beliveau, Jeremiah A. Alt, Edward Bradley Strong, Machelle D. Wilson, Toby O. Steele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patient satisfaction has a significant bearing on medical therapy compliance and patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe patient satisfaction, as characterized by the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire-18 (PSQ-18), in the care of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and (2) analyze the impact of comorbidities on satisfaction using the functional comorbidity index (FCI). Methods: Patient demographics, disease severity measures, and PSQ-18 scores for patients with CRS presenting to a tertiary rhinology clinic between November 2019 and April 2020 were collected and analyzed. FCI was calculated retrospectively using the electronic medical record; individual comorbidities were tabulated. Spearman’s correlations followed by multivariate regression was used to assess the relationship between medical comorbidities and PSQ-18. Results: Sixty-nine patients met criteria for analysis. There were no significant differences in age, gender, and Sinonasal Outcomes Test-22 scores between CRS patients with (CRSwNP) and without (CRSsNP) nasal polyps. There was no significant difference in the mean FCI for patients with CRSwNP versus CRSsNP (5.1 and 4.3, respectively) (P =.843). Similarly, there was no significant difference in the mean sum PSQ-18 score (78/100 in both) between these cohorts (P =.148). The mean sum PSQ-18 score was not significantly associated with anxiety (P =.728), depression (P =.624), or FCI (P =.282), but was significantly associated with hearing impairment (P <.001). Conclusion: Patient satisfaction in the care of CRS is generally high with a diagnosis of comorbid hearing impairment demonstrating a negative association with satisfaction in this cohort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • chronic rhinosinusitis
  • comorbidities
  • endoscopic sinus surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

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