The human posterior tibial somatosensory evoked potential: Synapse dependent and synapse independent spinal components

Masud Seyal, Andrew J. Gabor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Evidence has been obtained for the existence of two separate events occurring in the human spinal cord following posterior tibial nerve (PTN) stimulation. These events can be recorded on the surface in unanesthetized individuals. The first is an ascending wave which is conducted up to the cord at constant velocity and has a relatively short refractory period consistent with a compound nerve action potential. This represents the afferent volley traversing the lumbosacral plexus and the ascending dorsal columns. A second event, the N22/P22 complex, is surface negative on the back and surface positive anteriorly: its amplitude is maximal 5-15 cm above the level of the L4 spine and its peak latency remains constant at all levels. This activity has a relatively long refractory period. These characteristics of N22/P22 indicate that it is a localized synaptically dependent event conforming to a transverse dipole with dorsal negativity and a simultaneous anterior positivity. The N22/P22 is probably generated in the dorsal grey at the root entry zone. The N22/P22 is analogous to the stationary N13/P13 recorded over the neck following median nerve stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-331
Number of pages9
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology/ Evoked Potentials
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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Lumbosacral Plexus
Tibial Nerve
Somatosensory Evoked Potentials
Median Nerve
Synapses
Action Potentials
Spinal Cord
Spine
Neck

Keywords

  • posterior tibial nerve
  • posterior tibial SEP
  • SEP
  • spinal components

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Evidence has been obtained for the existence of two separate events occurring in the human spinal cord following posterior tibial nerve (PTN) stimulation. These events can be recorded on the surface in unanesthetized individuals. The first is an ascending wave which is conducted up to the cord at constant velocity and has a relatively short refractory period consistent with a compound nerve action potential. This represents the afferent volley traversing the lumbosacral plexus and the ascending dorsal columns. A second event, the N22/P22 complex, is surface negative on the back and surface positive anteriorly: its amplitude is maximal 5-15 cm above the level of the L4 spine and its peak latency remains constant at all levels. This activity has a relatively long refractory period. These characteristics of N22/P22 indicate that it is a localized synaptically dependent event conforming to a transverse dipole with dorsal negativity and a simultaneous anterior positivity. The N22/P22 is probably generated in the dorsal grey at the root entry zone. The N22/P22 is analogous to the stationary N13/P13 recorded over the neck following median nerve stimulation.",
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AU - Gabor, Andrew J.

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N2 - Evidence has been obtained for the existence of two separate events occurring in the human spinal cord following posterior tibial nerve (PTN) stimulation. These events can be recorded on the surface in unanesthetized individuals. The first is an ascending wave which is conducted up to the cord at constant velocity and has a relatively short refractory period consistent with a compound nerve action potential. This represents the afferent volley traversing the lumbosacral plexus and the ascending dorsal columns. A second event, the N22/P22 complex, is surface negative on the back and surface positive anteriorly: its amplitude is maximal 5-15 cm above the level of the L4 spine and its peak latency remains constant at all levels. This activity has a relatively long refractory period. These characteristics of N22/P22 indicate that it is a localized synaptically dependent event conforming to a transverse dipole with dorsal negativity and a simultaneous anterior positivity. The N22/P22 is probably generated in the dorsal grey at the root entry zone. The N22/P22 is analogous to the stationary N13/P13 recorded over the neck following median nerve stimulation.

AB - Evidence has been obtained for the existence of two separate events occurring in the human spinal cord following posterior tibial nerve (PTN) stimulation. These events can be recorded on the surface in unanesthetized individuals. The first is an ascending wave which is conducted up to the cord at constant velocity and has a relatively short refractory period consistent with a compound nerve action potential. This represents the afferent volley traversing the lumbosacral plexus and the ascending dorsal columns. A second event, the N22/P22 complex, is surface negative on the back and surface positive anteriorly: its amplitude is maximal 5-15 cm above the level of the L4 spine and its peak latency remains constant at all levels. This activity has a relatively long refractory period. These characteristics of N22/P22 indicate that it is a localized synaptically dependent event conforming to a transverse dipole with dorsal negativity and a simultaneous anterior positivity. The N22/P22 is probably generated in the dorsal grey at the root entry zone. The N22/P22 is analogous to the stationary N13/P13 recorded over the neck following median nerve stimulation.

KW - posterior tibial nerve

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